Ivanter E. To the population ecology of the birch mouse (Sicista betulina pall.) at the northern limit of the range. Report I. Abundance, biotopic disposal, daily activity, nutrition // Principy èkologii. 2021. № 1. P. 18‒29. DOI: 10.15393/j1.art.2021.11642

Issue № 1

Original research


To the population ecology of the birch mouse (Sicista betulina pall.) at the northern limit of the range. Report I. Abundance, biotopic disposal, daily activity, nutrition

DSc, Korresponding member of the RAS, Petrozavodsk state university, ivanter@petrsu.ru
northern border of distribution
biotopic distribution
polyphasic activity
euryphagia in nutrition
Summary: The results of long-term stationary and field research (1958–2019) of the population ecology of the birch mouse related to its habitat on the northern periphery of the range are summarized. In the study region (Eastern Fennoscandia), this species is distributed only in its southern half, and is not numerous in most places. In the collections of small mammals, it accounts for 5.9 % (the sixth largest number). The average long-term accounting index was 0.02 ind. per 100 trap-days (the share in catches 0.07 %) and 0.72 per 10 ditch-days (1.3 %). It lives in different biotopes, but tends to deciduous stands, adhering to sparse areas with a rich grass layer and a sufficient number of shelters in the form of old stumps, piles of dead wood, fallen trunks, etc. Winter hibernation lasts from late September to early May. The activity is polyphasic, with a shift to daylight, typical for the northern limits of the range. The basis of the food of the birch mouse is forest insects (on average 94.3 % of the cases), arachnids (65.2 %) are in second place, and plant food (31.2 %) is in third place.

© Petrozavodsk State University

Received on: 07 March 2021
Published on: 28 March 2021


Ayrapet'yanc A. E. Insectivores and rodents of the Leningrad region, Zveri Leningradskoy oblasti. L.: Izd-vo LGU, 1970. P. 47–165.

Ayrapet'yanc A. E. On the biology of the birch mouse in the Leningrad region, Voprosy ekologii i biocenologii. 1969. Vyp. 9. P. 115–124.

Balahonov V. S. Lobanova N. A. Birch mouse in anthropogenic biotopes of the Polar Urals, Gornye ekosistemy Urala i problemy racional'nogo prirodopol'zovaniya. Inform. materialy IERiZh UNC AN SSSR. Sverdlovsk, 1986.

Bobrecov A. V. Insectivores. Mouse-like rodents, Mlekopitayuschie Pechoro-Ilychskogo zapovednika. Syktyvkar: Komi knizhn. izd-vo, 2004. P. 38–109, 206–301.

Dargol'c V. G. Features of the dynamics of the birch mouse population in the subzone of the southern taiga, Sovremennye problemy izucheniya dinamiki chislennosti populyaciy zhivotnyh. M.: Nauka, 1964. P. 76–84.

Erdakov A. N. Organization of the rhythms of rodent activity. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1984. 181 p.

Fokin I. M. Jerboas. The Life of our birds and animals. L.: Izd-vo Leningr. un-ta, 1978. Vyp. 2. 184 p.

Ivanter E. V. Makarov A. M. Territorial ecology of shrews (Insectivora, Sorex). Petrozavodsk: Izd-vo PetrGU, 2001. 272 p.

Ivanter E. V. Method for determining the age of the birch mouse Sicista betulina (Rodentia, Dipodoidea), Zoologicheskiy zhurnal. 1973. T. 52. Vyp. 2. P. 255–257.

Ivanter E. V. Populyacionnaya ekologiya melkih mlekopitayuschih taezhnogo Severo-Zapada SSSR. L.: Nauka, 1975. 246 p.

Ivanter E. V. To the ecology of the birch mouse (Sicista betulina Pall.), Aquiloo. Ser. Zool. 1972. Vol. 13. P. 103–108.

Klevezal' G. A. Determining the age of mammals. M.: Nauka, 1967. 142 p.

Klevezal' G. A. Recording structures of mammals in zoological research. M.: Nauka, 1988. 285 p.

Koloskova N. I. On the northern border of the range of the birch mouse Sicista betulina (Rodentia, Dipodidae) in the European part of the USSR, Zoologicheskiy zhurnal. 1984. T. 63. Vyp. 5. P. 784–788.

Kubik I. Badania nad morrfologia I bioljgia smuzki (Sicista betulina Pall.) z Bialoweiskirgo Parku Narodowego, Ann. Univ. M. Cure-Skilod., Lublin. 1952. Vol. 11. No. 1. S. 47–61.

Kulik N. L. Tupikova N. V. Nikitina N. A. Karaseva E. V. Suvorova L. G. Materials on the ecology of the birch mouse (Sicista betulina Pallas), Cbornik trudov Zoologicheskogo muzeya MGU. 1968. T. 10. P. 146–159.

Kupriyanova I. F. Mouse-like rodents, Fauna evropeyskogo Severo-Vostoka Rossii. Mlekopitayuschie. SPb.: Nauka, 1994. T. 2. Ch. 1. P. 68–99.

Kurhinen Yu. P. Danilov P. I. Ivanter E. V. Mammals of Eastern Fennoscandia in the conditions of anthropogenic transformation of taiga ecosystems. M.: Nauka, 2006. 208 p.

Popov V. A. Mammals of the Volga-Kama Region. Kazan', 1960. 466 p.

Reymers N. F. Birds and mammals of the southern taiga of Central Siberia. M.; L.: Nauka, 1966. 419 p.

Shenbrot G. I. Sokolov V. E. Geptner V. G. Koval'skaya Yu. M. Mammals of Russia and adjacent regions. Jerboa-like animals. M.: Nauka, 1995. 576 p.

Smirnov P. K. Observations on the ecology of rodents of the Leningrad region, Uchenye zapiski LGU. 1954. Vyp. 181 (Biol. 38). P. 45–129.

Snigirevskaya E. M. Ecology and economic significance of mouse-like rodents in broad-leaved forests of the Zhiguli upland: Avtoref. dip. … kand. biol. nauk. L., 1954. 24 p.

Telegin V. I. Teriofauna lesoparka Novosibirskogo nauchnogo centra, Voprosy lesoparkovogo hozyaystva i ozeleneniya Novosibirskogo nauchnogo centra. Novosibirsk, 1972. P. 24–41.

Tupikova N. V. Daily rhythm of the birch mice activity, Zoologicheskiy zhurnal. 1960. T. 39. Vyp. 6. P. 561–572.

Yudin B. S. Galkina L. I. Potapkina A. F. Mammals of the Altai-Sayan mountainous region. Novosibirsk: Nauka. Sib. otd-nie, 1979. 293 p.

Yurlov K. T. Yudin B. S. Potapkina A. F. To the characterization of the fauna of small mammals of the northern steppe of the Baraba lowland, Zhivotnyy mir Barby. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1965. P. 184–207.

Zablockaya L. V. Materials on the ecology of the main species of mouse-like rodents of the Prioksko-Terrasny reserve and adjacent territories, Trudy Prioksko-Terrasnogo zapovednika. 1957. Vyp. 1. P. 170–240.

Displays: 405; Downloads: 134;