Nakul G. Migration strategy of young Robin Erithacus rubecula in the east of the Russian plain // Principy èkologii. 2021. № 1. P. 30‒42. DOI: 10.15393/j1.art.2021.10542


Issue № 1

Original research

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Migration strategy of young Robin Erithacus rubecula in the east of the Russian plain

Nakul
   Gleb Leonidovich
PhD, Institute of Biology of Komi Science Centre of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, nakul@ib.komisc.ru
Keywords:
Robin
migration strategy
middle taiga
Russian plain
Summary: In 2015–2019, in the Sysola River valley, we estimated the parameters of the migration stopover of young robins in the taiga in the east of the Russian Plain. A total of 188 birds were captured using mist nets and analyzed. It was established that migratory young robins can be divided into two groups. The first group is transit individuals that leave the stopover without delay on the day of arrival. The other group includes individuals that make stopovers for a long time, on average 3.04 ± 0.57 days. For birds of both groups, a change in body weight and the rate of fat accumulation during the day and throughout the entire migration stopover were revealed. Birds from the first group have insignificant fat reserves that allow them to make migration flights lasting an average of 5.30 ± 0.20 hours. The robins from the second group, during the stopover period, only slightly increase their fat reserves at a rate of 0.33 g per day and by the time of departure are able to make non-stop flights with an average duration of 5.80 ± 0.74 hours. Individuals that decide to stop find themselves in optimal conditions in which they retain their energy reserves and with longer stopover can increase them and make longer migratory flights. As a result, during the autumn migration period over a significant part of the European range of distribution of the studied species, a unified strategy for the behavior of robins at migration stopovers was noted.

© Petrozavodsk State University

Received on: 13 April 2020
Published on: 28 March 2021

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