Lyanguzova I., Barcan V. Comparative analysis of the level of pollution of the organogenic horizon of Al-Fe-podzols and bog soils in the local impact zone of the copper-nickel plant // Principy èkologii. 2019. № 4. P. 57‒68. DOI: 10.15393/j1.art.2019.9502


Issue № 4

Original research

pdf-version

Comparative analysis of the level of pollution of the organogenic horizon of Al-Fe-podzols and bog soils in the local impact zone of the copper-nickel plant

Lyanguzova
   Irina
Ph.D., V. L. Komarov Botanical Institute RAS, ILyanguzova@binran.ru
Barcan
   Valery
PhD, Lapland State Biosphere Reserve, barcan.valery2010@yandex.ru
Keywords:
Al–Fe-humus soils
Folic / Histic Albic Podzols
peat boggy soils
Cryic Ombric Fibric Histosols
aerotechnogenic pollution
heavy metals
Kola Peninsula
Summary: On the Kola Peninsula, peat bog soils and Al–Fe-humus podzols (according to the WRB classification, Cryic Ombric Fibric Histosols and Folic/Histic Albic Podzols, respectively) are the most common. However, comparison of their level of pollution with heavy metals (HM) has never been carried out. The purpose of this work is a comparative analysis of the level of HM pollution of the upper horizons of peat bog soils and Al–Fe-humus podzols in the impact zone of the copper-nickel plant. Soil testing was carried out in 37 closely located habitats (forest and swamp) situated in the zone of atmospheric emissions of the Severonickel plant (Murmansk region). The total content of Ni and Cu in soil samples was determined by atomic absorption spectrometry after their dissolution in a mixture of concentrated acids HNO3 and HCl. Statistical analysis of the soil analysis results was carried out in Statistica 12 using nonparametric Kruskel – Wallis, Mann – Whitney and Wilcoxon tests. It was established that both types of studied soils did not significantly differ in the total content of HM in the upper horizons of the soil profile. The level of pollution of compared soils is determined by the distance from the source of pollution, the rose of the prevailing winds and the orography of the terrain. The Ni content in almost all soil samples exceeds the Cu concentration, which is due to the excess of atmospheric emissions of technogenic Ni compounds compared to the content of Cu compounds in them. The phytotoxicity of both types of studied soils varies widely: from its complete absence to a high and very high degree. At the same level of soil pollution with HM swamp habitats are more prosperous due to better moisture content of peat bog soils.

© Petrozavodsk State University

Received on: 05 August 2019
Published on: 19 December 2019

References

Barcan V. Leaching of nickel and copper from a soil contaminated by metallurgical dust, Environmental International. 2002a. Vol. 28. No. 1–2. P. 63–68.

Barcan V. Nature and origin of multicomponent aerial emissions of the copper-nickel smelter complex, Environment International. 2002b. Vol. 28. P. 451–456.

Dynamics of forest communities in the North-West of Russia. SPb.: OOO «VVM», 2009. 276 p.

Evdokimova G. A. Kalabin G. V. Mozgova N. P. Content and toxicity of heavy metals in soils of the zone affected by aerial emissions from the Severonikel enterprise, Pochvovedenie. 2011. No. 2. P. 261–268.

Kashulina G. M. Litvinova T. I. Korobeynikova N. M. Comparative analysis of the spatial distribution of soil pollution with heavy metals and the state of ecosystems in the local impact zone of the copper-nickel enterprise, Trudy Fersmanovskoy nauchnoy sessii GI KNC RAN. 2018. No. 15. P. 464–467. DOI: 10.31241/FNS.2018.15.118

Kashulina G. M. Extreme pollution of soils by emissions of the Copper-Nickel industrial complex in the Kola Peninsula, Pochvovedenie. 2017. No. 7. P. 860–873. DOI: 10.1134/S1064229317070031

Kashulina G. M. Monitoring of soil contamination with heavy metals in the impact zone of copper-nickel enterprise on the Kola Peninsula, Pochvovedenie. 2018. No. 4. P. 493–505. DOI: 1134/S1064229318040063

Kashulina G. M., Kubrak A. N., Baskova L. A., Korobeynikova N. M. Vliyanie dlitel'nogo ekstremal'nogo zagryazneniya vybrosami kombinata «Severonikel'» na soderzhanie dostupnyh dlya rasteniy P, K, Ca i Mg v podzolah [Influence of prolonged extreme pollution from the «Severonikel» industrial complex on the content of P, K, Ca and Mg available for plants fo in podzols, Vestnik MGTU. 2016. T. 19. No. 1/2. P. 184–193.

Kozlov M. V., Zvereva E. L. Industrial barrens: extreme habitats created by non–ferrous metallurgy, Rev. Environ. Sci. Biotechnol. 2007. Vol. 6. P. 231–259.

Kozlov M. V., Zvereva E. L., Zverev V. E. Impacts of point polluters on terrestrial biota. Dordrecht; Heidelberg; London, New-York: Springer, 2009. 466 r.

Lukina N. V. Nikonov V. V. Biogeochemical cycles in the forests of the North in conditions of aerotechnogenic pollution. Apatity: KNC RAN, 1996. Ch. 1. 213 p.; Ch. 2. 192 p.

Lukina N. V. Orlova M. A. Isaeva L. G. Forest soil fertility as the base of the relationship soil – vegetation, Lesovedenie. 2010. No. 5. P. 45–56.

Lyanguzova I. V. Gol'dvirt D. K. Fadeeva I. K. Spatiotemporal dynamics of the pollution of Al–Fe-Humus Podzols in the impact zone of the nonferrous metallurgical plant, Pochvovedenie. 2016. No. 10. P. 1261–1276. DOI: 1134/S1064229316100094

Maximum permissible concentrations (MPC) of chemicals in soils: hygienic standards. GN 2.1.7.2041-06. M.: Federal'nyy centr gigieny i epidemiologii Rospotrebnadzora, 2006. 15 p.

National Atlas of Soils of the Russian Federation. M.: ASTREL', 2011. 632 p.

Pereverzev V. N. Modern soil processes in the biogeocenoses of the Kola Peninsula. M.: Nauka, 2006. 153 p.

The influence of industrial air pollution on pine forests of the Kola Peninsula. L.: BIN AN SSSR, 1990. 195 p.

Weather archive in Monchegorsk, Raspisanie pogody. URL: https://rpru/ (data obrascheniya: 14.12.2018).

Displays: 108; Downloads: 31;