Zubova E., Kashulin N., Terentyev P. Вiotic sympatry of whitefish Coregonus lavaretus (L.) in Kuetsjarvi lake (Pasvik river system, Murmansk region) // Principy èkologii. 2019. № 2. P. 29‒51. DOI: 10.15393/j1.art.2019.8502

Issue № 2

Original research


Вiotic sympatry of whitefish Coregonus lavaretus (L.) in Kuetsjarvi lake (Pasvik river system, Murmansk region)

   Elena Mikhailovna
Ph.D., INEP KSC RAS, seelewolf84@yandex.ru
   Nikolay Aleksandrovich
D.Sc., INEP KSC RAS, kashulin@mail.ru
   Petr Mikhailovich
Ph.D., INEP KSC RAS, pterentjev@mail.ru
Coregonus lavaretus
ecological morphs
anthropogenic pollution
lake Kuetsjarvi
Summary: For the first time the whitefish Coregonus lavaretus biology was investigated in detail. The study was held in subarctic lake Kuetsjarvi (lower reaches of the Pasvik river), which is one of the most technologically-contaminated water bodies of the Euro-Arctic region. Based on this study, four ecological morphs of fish were identified: slowly growing and fast-growing sparsely rakered whitefish, slowly growing and fast-growing densely rakered whitefish. Specialization of the whitefish in a certain kind of resources determines their morphological and behavioral differences, spatial differentiation and ultimately various ecological niches.

© Petrozavodsk State University

Received on: 18 December 2018
Published on: 19 June 2019


Østbye K, Amundsen P-A, Bernatchez L. et al. Parallel evolution of ecomorphological traits in the European whitefish Coregonus lavaretus (L.) species complex during postglacial times, Mol. Ecol. 2006. Vol. 15. P. 3983–4001.

Østbye K., Naesje T, F., Bernatchez L. et al. Morphological divergence and origin of sympatric populations of European whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus (L.) in Lake Femud, Norway, J. Evol. Biol. 2005. Vol. 18. P. 683–702.

Alekseev S. S. Gordeeva N. V. Matveev A. N. Three sympatric forms of arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus Complex (Salmoniformes, Salmonidae) from Lake Kamkanda, Northern Transbaikalia, Voprosy ihtiologii. 2014. T. 54. No. 4. P. 387–412.

Amundsen P. A., Kashulin N. A., Koroleva I. M. et al. Environmental monitoring of fish in the Paz watercourse. NCFS, University of Tromse, Norway, 2006. 48 p.

Amundsen, P. A., Staldvik, F., Lukin, A. et al. Ecology and heavy metal contaminations in the fish communities of the Pasvik River System. Report. Norwegian College of Fishery Science. University of Tromsø, Norway, 1993. 29 p.

Bernatchez L. Ecological theory of adaptive radiation: empirical assessment from Coregonine fishes (Salmoniformes), Hendry AP, Stearns SC (eds.). Evolution illuminated: salmon and their relatives. Oxford: Oxford University press, 2004. P. 175–207.

Bochkarev N. A. Zuykova E. I. Politov D. V. New options for collection and documentation of morphological data in fish, Biologiya, biotehnika razvedeniya i sostoyanie zapasov sigovyh ryb: Materialy mezhdunar. konf. Tyumen': FGUP «Gosrybcentr», 2013. P. 32–36.

Bochkarev N. A. Zuykova E. I. Comparative characteristic of whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus pidschian, Coregonidae) from the lake Karakul and the river Bolshoy Abakan - to the question of secondary intergradation of whitefish in the upper and middle basin of the river Yenisei, Trudy ISiEZh SO RAN. 2010. Vyp. 46. P. 198–224.

Bryuzgin V. L. Methods of studying fish growth by scales, bones and otoliths. Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1969. 188 p.

Dauvalter V. A., Dauvalter M. V., Kashulin N. A. et al. Chemical composition of bottom sedimentary deposits in lakes in the zone impacted by atmospheric emissions from the Severonickel plant, Geochemistry International. 2010. Vol. 48. No 11. P. 1224–1229.

Doroch J. N., Mosimann J. E. Canonical and principal components of shape, Biometrika. 1985. Vol. 72. No 2. P. 241–252.

Friedland K. D., Ahrenholz D. W., Smith J. W. et al. Sieving functional morphology of the gill raker feeding apparatus of Atlantic menhaden, J. Exp. Zool. 2006. Vol. 305A. P. 974–985.

Harrod C., Mallela L., Kahilainen K. Phenotype-environment correlations in a putative whitefish adaptive radiation, J. of Animal Ecol. 2010. Vol. 79. P. 1057–1068.

Kahilainen K., Østbye K. Morphological differentiation and resource polymorphism in three sympatric whitefish Coregonus lavaretus (L.) forms in a subarctic lake, J. Fish Biol. 2006. Vol. 68. P. 63–79.

Kahilainen K., Alajärvi E., Lehtonen H. Planktivory and diet-overlap of densely rakered whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus(L.)) in a subarctic lake, Ecol. Freshw. Fish. 2005. Vol. 14. P. 50–58.

Kahilainen K., Lehtonen H., Könönen K. Consequence of habitat segregation to growth rate of two sparsely rakered whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus (L.)) forms in a subarctic lake, Ecol. Freshw. Fish. 2003. Vol. 12. P. 275–285.

Kahilainen K., Malinen T., Lentonen H. Polar light regime and piscivory govern diel vertical migrations of planktivorous fish and zooplankton in a subarctic lake, Ecol. Freshwater Fish. 2009. Vol. 18. P. 481–490.

Kahilainen K., Malinen T., Tuamaala A. et al. Diel and seasonal habitat and food segregation of three sympatric Coregonus lavaretus forms in a subarctic lake, J. Fish Biol. 2004. Vol. 64. P. 418–434.

Kahilainen K., Malinen T., Tuomaala A. et al. Empirical evaluation of phenotype–environment correlation and trait utility with allopatric and sympatric whitefish, Coregonus lavaretus (L.), populations in subarctic lakes, Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 2007. Vol. 92. No 3. P. 561–572.

Kahilainen K., Patterson W., Sonninen E. et al. Adaptive Radiation along a Thermal gradient: preliminary results of habitat use and respiration rate divergence among whitefish morphs, Plos One. 2014. Vol. 11. No 9. P. 1–12.

Kashulin N. A. Dauval'dar V. A. Denisov D. B. Some aspects of the current state of freshwater resources of Murmansk region, Vestnik MGTU. 2013. T. 16. No. 1. P. 98–107.

Kashulin N. A. Lukin A. A. Amundsen P. Fish of Subarctic freshwater system as bioindications of industrial pollution. Apatity: Izd-vo KNC RAN, 1999. 142 p.

Kashulin N. A. Reshetnikov Yu. S. Accumulation and distribution of nickel, copper and zinc in the organs and tissues of fish in subarctic reservoirs, Voprosy ihtiologii. 1995. T. 35. No. 5. P. 687–697.

Key to freshwater invertebrates in the European part of the USSR (plankton and benthos), Pod red. L. A. Kutikova, Ya. I. Starobogatova. L.: Gidrometeoizdat, 1977. 511 p.

Klemetsen A., Elliott J. M., Knudsen R. et al. Evidence for genetic differences in the offspring of two sympatric morphs of Arctic charr, J. Fish. Biol. 2002. Vol. 60. P. 933–950.

Koshelev B. V. Some regularities of growth and time of the onset of the first spawning in fish, Zakonomernosti rosta i sozrevaniya ryb. M.: Nauka, 1971. P. 186–218.

Lapin Yu. E. Yurovickiy Yu. G. About intraspecific patterns of maturation and fertility dynamics in fish, Zhurnal obschey biologii. 1959. T. 20. No. 6. P. 439–446.

Lukin A. A. Kashulin N. A. The ichthyofauna status of water bodies in the border zone of the USSR and Norway. Apatity: Izd-vo KNC RAN, 1991. 50 p.

Melezhik V. A. et al. Pechenga area, Russia. Part 1: geological setting and comparison with Pasvik, Norway, Trans. Instit. Min. Metall: Sect. B: Appl. Earth. Sci. 1994. Vol. 103. P. 129–165.

Methodical manual on the study of nutrition and nutritional relationships of fish in natural conditions. M.: Nauka, 1974. 254 p.

Mina M. V. Fish growth (research methods in natural populations), Rost zhivotnyh. Zoologiya pozvonochnyh. M.: VINITI, 1973. T. 4. P. 68–115.

Mina M. V. Fish microevolution: evolutionary aspects of phenetic diversity. M.: Nauka, 1986. 193 p.

Moiseenko T., Mjelde M., Brandrud T. et al. Pasvik River Watercourse, Barents region: pollution impacts and ecological responses, Investigation in 1993 Institute of North Indusrial Ecology Problems (Russia), Norwegian Institute for Water Research (Norwey). NIVA-report OR-318. Oslo, 1994. P. 1–87.

Mosimann J. E. Size allometry: Size and shape variables with characterizations of the lognormal and generalized gamma distributions, J. Am. Stat. Ass. 1970. Vol. 65. P. 930–945.

Nøst T., Yakovlev V., Berger H. M. et al. Impacts of pollution on freshwater communities in the border region between Russia and Norway. NINA Scientific Report 26. Norwegian Institute for Nature Research. Trondheim, Norway, 1991. 41 p.

Nikol'skiy G. V. Theory of fish herd dynamics. M.: Pisch. prom-st', 1974. 447 p.

Præbel K., Knudsen R., Siwertsson A. et al. Ecological speciation in postglacial European whitefish: rapid adaptive radiations into the littoral, pelagic, and profundal lake habitats, Ecology and evolution Res. 2013. Vol. 3. No 15. P. 4970–4986.

Pravdin I. F. Fish study guide. M.: Pisch. prom-st', 1966. 376 p.

Reshetnikov Yu. S. Kashulin N. A. Lukin A. A. The smallest whitefish in Europe, Pervyy Kongress ihtiologov Rossii: Tez. dokl. Astrahan'; M.: VNIRO, 1997. P. 50.

Reshetnikov Yu. S. Popova O. A. Kashulin N. A. Assessment of the well-being of the fish part of the aquatic community based on the results of fish morphological analysis, Uspehi sovremennoy biologii. 1999. No. 2. C. 165–177.

Reshetnikov Yu. S. Ecology and systematics of Coregoninae. M.: Nauka, 1980. 301 p.

Robinson B.W., Parsons K. J. Changing times, spaces, and faces: tests and implications of adaptive morphological plasticity in the fishes of northern postglacial lakes, Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2002. Vol. 59. P. 1819–1833.

Schluter D. The ecology of adaptive radiation. Oxsford: Oxford University Press, 2000. 288 p.

Schluter D., Rambaut A., Clarke B. C. et al. Ecological speciation in postglacial fishes, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 1996. Vol. 351. P. 807–814.

Sharov A. N. The structure of phytoplankton in the Far North reservoirs under the conditions of technogenic pollution: Dip. … kand. biol. nauk. Apatity, 2000. 23 p.

Sidorov G. P. Reshetnikov Yu. S. Salmonid fishes of the reservoirs of the European North-East. M.: T-vo nauch. izd. KMK, 2014. 346 p.

Siwertsson A., Knudsen R., Amundsen P, A. Temporal stability in gill raker numbers of subarctic European whitefish populations, Adv. Limnol. 2008. Vol. 63. P. 229–240.

Siwertsson A., Knudsen R., Kahilainen K. K. et al. Sympatric divercification as influenced by ecological opportunity and historical contingency in a young species lineage of whitefish, Evol. Ecol. Res. 2010. Vol. 12. P. 929–947.

Skúlason S., Snorrason S., Jónsson B. Sympatric morphs, populations and speciation in freshwater fish with emphasis on arctic charr, Magurran AE, May RM (eds.). Evolution of biological diversity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. P. 70–92.

Yakovlev V. A. Hydrobiological studies of the internal waters of the Kola North. Apatity: Izd-vo KNC RAN, 1991. 53 s

Ylikörkkö J., Zueva M., Kashulin N. et al. Environmental Challenges in the Joint Border Area. Reports 41. Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment for Lapland. Kokkola: Juvenes Print, 2015. 165 p.

Zubova E. M. Linear growth of the European whitefish Coregonus lavaretus (L.) in anthropogenically modified water bodies of the European subarctic (on the example of Murmansk region): Dip. … kand. biol. nauk. Perm': PGNIU, 2015. 28 p.

Displays: 541; Downloads: 71;