Rybakov D. The main changes in the environment and climate, and the possibility of overcoming environmental risks in the Republic of Karelia: problem statement // Principy èkologii. 2018. № 1. P. 120‒126. DOI: 10.15393/j1.art.2018.7502


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The main changes in the environment and climate, and the possibility of overcoming environmental risks in the Republic of Karelia: problem statement

Rybakov
   Dmitry Sergeevich
Ph.D., Federal Public Budgetary Institution Federal Research Centre Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, rybakovd@krc.karelia.ru
Keywords:
human ecology
environmental pollution
climate change
environmental risks
health and mortality
ecology and human behavior
Republic of Karelia
environmental strategy
Summary: Lack of knowledge about the reasons of negative population growth determines the relevance of the research aimed not only at resolving economic problems (first of all, raising the incomes of the population), developing health care and social support, but also aimed at studying and, accordingly, effective overcoming of the environmental risks and associated risks to human health. At a regional level, it is of great importance to acquire new knowledge both in fundamental terms and in terms of improvement of the demographic situation through solving environmental problems. The novelty of the study consists of development of the fundamentals for a regional environmental strategy based on the classification of factors, proposed and developed for the Republic of Karelia which affect the formation of environmental risks and those of adverse impacts on the biota, including humans through the changed habitat. As for air pollution, it has been proposed to use the simultaneous long-term change in the structure of pollutant emissions and the structure of the population mortality in the Republic of Karelia. A new approach to regional environmentally oriented research is being developed; it is aimed at a qualitative solution of environmental problems within the shortest time, using environmentally and economically efficient way.

© Petrozavodsk State University

Reviewer: S. Iglovsky
Received on: 11 February 2018
Published on: 28 March 2018

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