Chernyshov V., Erdakov L. Cyclicity of long-term dynamics of reproductive parameters in the Tree Sparrow Passer montanus // Principy èkologii. 2017. № 2. P. 83‒93. DOI: 10.15393/j1.art.2017.5982


Issue № 2

Original research

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Cyclicity of long-term dynamics of reproductive parameters in the Tree Sparrow Passer montanus

Chernyshov
   Vyacheslav
Ph.D. in biology, Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, chernyshov@ngs.ru
Erdakov
   Lev
D.Sc. in biology, Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, microtus@yandex.ru
Keywords:
Tree Sparrow
Passer montanus
clutch size
egg dimensions
long-term variability
spectral analysis
cyclicity.
Summary: The spectral analysis of the multi-year (1984–2005) dynamics of reproductive parameters in the population of Tree Sparrow Passer montanus was carried out in the vicinity of Lake Chany (Baraba forest-steppe). In this species the inter-annual dynamics cycling of the average size of clutches and eggs was revealed. The dominant clutch size cycle of the Tree Sparrow is 11 years. This species may adapt to the cycles of the air temperature dynamics similar in time during the second and third decades of May, when the most pairs begin to reproduce. Since the sparrows fledge mostly with insects, an abundance of which depends on thermal environment, such adjustment provides a higher productivity of individuals and populations in general. Less expressed 3–4-year cycles of clutch size, most likely, are caused by the intra-population reasons. The average seasonal fecundity of the Tree Sparrow depends on the ratio between the first and second clutches. The proportion of second clutches varies with the periodicity of three-year and 12-year (multiple of three). Perhaps this is due to the three-year dynamics of the age structure, as the majority of Tree Sparrow yearling are monocyclic. Rhythm spectra of long-term changes in the linear dimensions and volume of eggs of the Tree Sparrow are very similar. The most powerful cycle lasts approximately 7-year, but there are 3-and 2-year periodic components less expressed on power. Probably the of egg dimensions cycling is determined by a variety of external and intra-population factors (food supply, age distribution of the population, timing and duration of their breeding season). References Vengerov P. D. Jekologicheskie zakonomernosti izmenchivosti i korreljacii morfologicheskih struktur ptic (Ecological regularities of variability and correlation of morphological structures of birds). Voronezh: Publishing house of Voronezh state University, 2001. 248 pp. Erdakov L. N. 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© Petrozavodsk State University

Reviewer: B. Kuranov
Received on: 18 November 2016
Published on: 29 June 2017

References

Barkowska M., Pinowski J., Pinowska B. The effect of trends in ambient temperature on egg volume in the Tree Sparrow Passer montanus, Acta Ornithol. 2003. Vol. 38. No. 1. P. 5–13.

Chernyshov V. M. Population ecology of the Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus) in the South of Western Siberia, Pticy Sibiri: struktura i dinamika fauny, naseleniya i populyaciy, Red. L. G. Vartapetov. M.: Tovarischestvo nauchnyh izdaniy KMK, 2011. (Trudy Instituta sistematiki i ekologii zhivotnyh SO RAN. Vyp. 47.) P. 197–223.

Christians J. K. Avian egg size: variation within species and inflexibility within individuals, Biological Reviews. 2002. Vol. 77. P. 1–26.

Climate ZDVINSK. URL: http://en.tutiempo.net/climate/ws-297120.html (data obrascheniya: 27.08.2015).

Digital spectral analysis with applications: Per. s angl. M.: Mir, 1990. 584 p.

Dolenec Z., Dolenec P., Møller A. P. Warmer springs, laying date and clutch size of tree sparrows Passer montanus in Croatia, Current Zoology. 2011. Vol. 57. Issue 3. P. 414−418.

Elton C. S. Periodic fluctuations in the numbers of animals: their causes and effects, British Journal of Experimental Biology. 1924. Vol. 2. P. 119–163.

Enemar A., Sjöstrand B., Andersson G., von Proschwitz T. The 37-year dynamics of a subalpine passerine bird community, with special emphasis on the influence of environmental temperature and Epirrita autumnata cycles, Ornis Svecica. 2004. Vol. 14. P. 63–106.

Erdakov L. N. Chronoecology: biological rhythms and principles of synchronization in ecological systems. Tomsk: Izd-vo TGU, 1991. 216 p.

GNU Octave. URL: http://www.gnu.org/software/octave/ (data obrascheniya: 11.12.2013).

García-Navas V., Sanz J. J. Yearly and seasonal variation of breeding parameters in a declining multi-brooded passerine, the Tree Sparrow., Ardea. 2012. Vol. 100. Issue 1. P. 79–88.

Gromadzki M. Variability of egg-size of some species of the forest birds, Ekol. Polska A. 1966. Vol. 14. P. 99–109.

Hoyt D. F. Practical methods of estimating volume and fresh weight of bird eggs, Auk. 1979. Vol. 96. No. 1. P. 73–77.

Klimov S. M. Ecologo-evolutionary aspects of the oomorphological parameters variability in birds. Lipeck: Izd-vo Lipeckogo gop. ped. un-ta, 2003. 208 p.

Klomp H. The determination of clutch-size in birds. A review, Ardea. 1970. Vol. 58. Issue 1–2. P. 1–124.

Krist M. Egg size and offspring quality: a meta-analysis in birds, Biological Reviews. 2011. Vol. 86. P. 692–716.

Lebedeva N. V. Variability of clutch and egg sizes of the Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus) in South-Western Russia, Intern. Stud. Sparrows. 1999. Vol. 26. P. 48–57.

Lek D. Animals numbers and their natural regulation. M.: Izd-vo inostrannoy literatury, 1957. 404 p.

Lindström J., Ranta E., Kokko H., Lundberg P., Kaitala V. From arctic lemmings to adaptive dynamics: Charles Elton’s legacy in population ecology, Biological Reviews. 2001. Vol. 76. P. 129–158.

Martynyuk V. S. Vladimirskiy B. M. Temur'yanc N. A. Biological rhythms and electromagnetic fields of environment, Geofizicheskie processy i biosfera. 2006. T. 5. No. 1. P. 5–23.

Moss R., Watson A. Population Cycles in Birds of the Grouse Family (Tetraonidae), Advances in Ecological Research. 2001. Vol. 32. P. 53–111.

Myand R. Intrapopulation variability of avian eggs. Tallin: Valgus, 1988. 192 p.

Nyholm N. E. I. Dynamics and reproduction of a nest-box breeding population of Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca in a subalpine birch forest in Swedish Lapland during a period of 46 years, Ornis Svecica. 2011. Vol. 21. P. 133–156.

Octave-Forge – Extra packages for GNU Octave. URL: http://octave.sourceforge.net/signal/function/pwelch.html (data obrascheniya: 11.12.2013).

Paevskiy V. A. Avian Demography. L.: Nauka, 1985. 285 p.

Pinowska B., Barkowska M., Pinowski J., Bartha A., Hahm K, H., Lebedeva N. The effect of egg size on growth and survival of the Tree Sparrow Passer montanus nestlings, Acta Ornithol. 2004. Vol. 39. No. 2. P. 121–135.

Pinowska B., Barkowska M., Pinowski J., Hahm K, H., Lebedeva N. Influence of temperature on Tree Sparrow Passer montanus egg mass according to laying sequence, Intern. Stud. Sparrows. 2002. Vol. 29. P. 33–47.

Pulsating Lake Chany. L.: Nauka, 1982. 304 p.

Taranyuk M. I. Analysis of climate cyclicity and monitoring of atmospheric processes in the southeast of Western Siberia. Tomsk: TGU, 2000. 116 p.

Vengerov P. D. Ecological regularities of variability and correlation of morphological structures of birds. Voronezh: Izd-vo Voronezhskogo gop. un-ta, 2001. 248 p.

Williams J. Statistical analysis of fluctuations in red grouse bag data, Oecologia. 1985. Vol. 65. P. 269–272.

Williams T. D. Intraspecific variation in egg size and egg composition in birds: effects on offspring fitness, 1994. Vol. 68. P. 35–59.

Yakushev D. I. Algorithms of Mathematical Modeling. SPb.: Polikom, 2002. 100 p.

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