|Issue № 2||
|Ph.D., Institute of Geology, Karelian Research Center, email@example.com|
Pinus sylvestris L.
Summary: The possibility of using annual rings of Pinus sylvestris L. to assess chemical pollution in the Republic of Karelia is discussed. With the help of principal component factor analysis the relationship between the contents of chemical elements and dendrological parameters – the width of annual rings and wood density - was revealed. The main factors contributing to the pollution of the northern part of the Republic of Karelia by the emission from iron-ore enterprise JSC «Karelsky Okatysh» are frequent ecologically significant wind directions, the distance from the source and the total mass of the emission. The value of radial growth (the average width of annual rings for five-years) of Pinus sylvestris L. is connected negatively with the content of Cu, Cd, Ni and Fe. As an element of nutrition, Mn is positively correlated with the density of wood wherein it is an antagonist of Fe and partially of Cr in northern areas . Several peaks of Pb content coincide with the most intense tests of atomic weapons. Sharp maximums of Pb can also be due to a cross-border pollution and emission from regional sources.
© Petrozavodsk State University
Received on: 15 January 2016
Published on: 19 May 2016
Alekseev A. S. Soroka A. R. The growth of the Scots pine plantations in the North-West of the Kola Peninsula in relation to possible regional changes of the environment, Ekologiya severnyh territoriy Rossii. Problemy, prognoz situacii, puti razvitiya, resheniya: Materialy mezhdunarodnoy konferencii. Arhangel'sk: Institut ekologicheskih problem Severa UrO RAN, 2002. P. 273–278.
Bol'shev L. N. Smirnov N. V. Tables of mathematical statistics. M.: Nauka. Glavnaya redakciya fiziko-matematicheskoy literatury, 1983. 416 p.
Vaganov E. A. Kruglov V. B. Ecology of woody plants: lecture course. Krasnoyarsk, 2007. 230 p.
Voytkevich G. V. Kokin A. V. Miroshnikov A. E. Prohorov V. G. Handbook of geochemistry. M.: Nedra, 1990. 480 p.
State Report on the Status of the Environment in the Republic of Karelia in 1992. Petrozavodsk: Ministerstvo ekologii i prirodnyh resursov Respubliki Kareliya, 1993. 63 p.
State Report on the Status of the Environment in the Republic of Karelia in 1997. Petrozavodsk: Gosudarstvennyy komitet ohrany okruzhayuschey sredy po Respublike Kareliya, 1998. 220 p.
State Report on the Status of the Environment in the Republic of Karelia in 2001. Petrozavodsk: Komitet prirodnyh resursov po Respublike Kareliya, 2002. 240 p.
D'yakonov V. V. Kozlov V. A. Korzhickaya Z. A. Evaluation of heavy metal and sulfur pollution for the forest ecosystems of the Republic of Karelia, Problemy antropogennoy transformacii lesnyh biocenozov Karelii. Petrozavodsk, 1996. P. 167–182.
Ieshko E. P. Titov A. F. Main trends in the state of the environment in the Republic of Karelia, Ekologiya severnyh territoriy Rossii. Problemy, prognoz situacii, puti razvitiya, resheniya: Materialy mezhdunarodnoy konferencii. Arhangel'sk: Institut ekologicheskih problem Severa UrO RAN, 2002. P. 12–16.
Pendias A. Pendias H. Trace elements in soils and plants. M.: Mir, 1989. 439 p.
Kozlov V. A. Kisternaya M. V. Klemanskiy Yu. M. Analytical support for monitoring of forest ecosystems, Bioekologicheskie aspekty monitoringa lesnyh ekosistem Severo-Zapada Rossii. Petrozavodsk: KarNC RAN, 2001. P. 278–285.
Lazareva I. P. Kuchko A. A. Kravchenko A. V. The impact of aerotechnogenic contamination on the pine forests state of northern Karelia. Petrozavodsk, 1992. 52 p.
Lozanovskaya I. N. Orlov D. S. Sadovnikova L. K. Ecology and protection of the biosphere by chemical pollution: A manual for schools. M.: Vyssh. shk., 1998. 287 p.
Moiseev A. A. Ivanov V. I. The directory on dosimetry and radiation hygiene. M.: Energoatomizdat, 1990. 252 p.
Neverova O. A. Environmental assessment of woody plants and pollution of the industrial city environment (by the example of Kemerovo). M., 2004. 37 p.
Neverova O. A. Candekova O. L. Photosynthetic ability of woody plants as an indicator of the cumulative air pollution of the urban environment, Sibirskiy ekologicheskiy zhurnal. 2010. T. 17. No. 2. P. 193–196.
Environmental impact assessment of the Project of the development of Korpangsky iron ore deposit. Kostomuksha, Republic of Karelia. M., 2002. 53 p.
Rybakov D. S. Zamoyskiy V. L. Kosovec Yu. G. Studies of radioactive contamination in the Medvezhiegorsky area of the Republic of Karelia, Problemy geoekologii Karelii. Petrozavodsk: KarNC RAN, 1997. P. 61–73.
Rybakov D. S. The first data on dendrogeochemical determination of long-term contamination dynamics in Petrozavodsk, Voprosy geologii i ekologii Karelii: Po materialam konferencii molodyh uchenyh. Petrozavodsk: KarNC RAN, 1999. P. 51–57.
Rybakov D. S. Features of distribution of man-made pollutants in annual rings of pine (by the example of the Republic of Karelia), Stroenie, svoystva i kachestvo drevesiny – 2000: Materialy III Mezhdunarodnogo simpoziuma. 11–14 sent. 2000. Petrozavodsk: KarNC RAN, 2000. P. 72–75.
Rybakov D. S. Effects of heavy metals on the annual increment and wood density of pine, Biokosnye vzaimodeystviya: zhizn' i kamen': Materialy I Mezhdunarodnogo simpoziuma. SPb., 2002. P. 296–299.
Sadovnikova L. K. Orlov D. S. Lozanovskaya I. N. Ecology and environmental protection in chemical pollution: A manual for HEIs. M.: Vyssh. shk., 2006. 334 p.
Specialized arrays for climate research, VNIIGMI-MCD. Obninsk. URL: http://aisori.meteo.ru/ClimateR (data obrascheniya: 08.01.2016).
Fedorec N. G. D'yakonov V. V. Litinskiy P. Yu. Shil'cova G. V. Contamination with heavy metals and sulphur of the forest area in the Republic of Karelia. Petrozavodsk: Izd-vo KarNC RAN, 1998. 47 p.
Hantemirov R. M. Bioindication of environment pollution on the basis of analysis of chemical elements content in the annual layers of wood, Problemy ekologicheskogo monitoringa i modelirovanie ekosistem. T. XVI. SPb.: Gidrometeoizdat, 1996. P. 153–164.
Chernen'kova T. V. Response of forest vegetation to industrial pollution. M.: Nauka, 2002. 191 p.
Cutter B. E., Guyette R. P. Anatomical, Chemical and Ecological Factors Affecting Tree Species Choice in Dendrochemistry Studies, Journal of Environmental Quality. 1993. Vol. 22. No. 3. P. 611–619.
Elvingson P., Ågren C. Air and the Environment. Göteborg: The Swedish NGO Secretariat on Acid Rain, 2004. 174 p.
ESPREME – Estimation of willingness‐to‐pay to reduce risks of exposure to heavy metals and cost‐benefit analysis for reducing heavy metals occurrence in Europe. Publishable final activity report of the ESPREME Project, FP6, 2007. URL: http://espreme.ier.uni-stuttgart.de (data obrascheniya: 12.01.2016).
Hantemirov R. M. Possibility to use chemical elements in tree rings of Scots pine for the air pollution reconstruction, Tree rings and environment: Proceedings of the International Dendrochronological Symposium, Ystad, South Sweden, 3–9 September 1990. Lund: Lund University, Department of Quaternary Geology, 1992. P. 142–145.
Pacyna J. M. Atmospheric emissions of heavy metals for Europe. Improvements, updates, historical data and projections. A Report for the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA). Laxenburg, Norway, 1996.
Sources and Effects of Ionizing Radiation. United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation: UNSCEAR 2000 Report to the General Assembly, with scientific annexes. 2000. Vol. I. Annex C: Exposures from man-made sources of radiation. URL: http://www.unscear.org/docs/reports/annexc.pdf (data obrascheniya: 12.01.2016).