Kalinkina N., Korosov A. Simulation model of pollution spreading in the water bodies affected by mining mill // Principy èkologii. 2015. № 3. P. 40‒59. DOI: 10.15393/j1.art.2015.4101


Issue № 3

Original research

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Simulation model of pollution spreading in the water bodies affected by mining mill

Kalinkina
   Natalia Mikhailovna
Dr.Sci., Northern Water Problems Institute, KRC RAN, kalina@nwpi.krc.karelia.ru
Korosov
   Andrey Viktorovich
Dr.Sci., Petrozavodsk state university, korosov@psu.karelia.ru
Keywords:
lake-river system
Karelia
iron ore-dressing mill
potassium ions
spreading
simulation modelling
Summary: Water bodies of the northern Karelia are polluted by liquid wastes of Kostomukshsky iron ore-dressing mill. The main components of these wastes are potassium ions. The processes of the potassium spreading in lake-river system of the River Kenty were studied using simulation modeling. For water bodies, where chemical observations were not carried out, the reconstruction of data was realized. The parameters of the model (constants of potassium transfer for seven lakes) were calculated. These constants reflect the hydrological regime of water bodies and characterize high-speed transfer of potassium in the upstream and downstream, and low transfer rate - in the middle stream. It is shown that the vast majority of potassium (70%) is carried out of the system Kenty and enters the lake Srednee Kuito

© Petrozavodsk State University

Reviewer: V. Bezel
Reviewer: V. K. Shitikov
Published on: 16 October 2015

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