Bugmyrin S. Calodium (Capillaria) hepaticum (Nematoda, Capillariidae) in insular small rodent populations // Principy èkologii. 2014. № 4. P. 18‒30. DOI: 10.15393/j1.art.2014.3881


Issue № 4

Original research

pdf-version

Calodium (Capillaria) hepaticum (Nematoda, Capillariidae) in insular small rodent populations

Bugmyrin
   Sergey
IB KarRC RAS, sbugmyr@mail.ru
Keywords:
Calodium hepaticum (Hepaticola hepatica)
nematodes
bank vole
insular
Summary: The data on the distribution of the nematode Calodium hepaticum (Bancroft 1893) Moravec 1982 (syn.: Capillaria hepatica, Hepaticola hepatica) on the islands of Kizhi Archipelago are reported (N 62°00'; E 35°12'). Samples were collected on 18 islands and the mainland part of the Kizhi skerries region in the period from August 2005 till 2014. The method of partial helminthological dissection was applied to 346 specimens of rodents belonging to two species – the bank vole Myodes glareolus Schreber 1780 (301 spm.) and the field vole Microtus agrestis Linnaeus 1761 (45 spm.). The prevalence and the abundance index of nematode were 16.6% and 1.1 in M. glareolus and 11.1%; 0.3 in M. agrestis, respectively. The highest prevalence and abundance of C. hepaticum were detected in mature voles. No sex-related differences were found. C. hepaticum was present in 12 of 19 sampling sites. On the islands where the sample number (host individuals) was over 15, the highest prevalence and abundance values were 57% and 5.8 spm., respectively. Significant positive coefficients of correlation (Spearman’s and Pearson’s ones) between nematode numbers and characteristics of the island were found in the pair «Prevalence – degree of isolation» (0.48 and 0.49). Single-factor analysis of variance showed that the size of the island had some effect on the nematode invasion prevalence and abundance. However, no significant regression relationship between the prevalence and abundance of nematodes and characteristics of an island was revealed by multivariate regression analysis (multiple regression): the coefficient of determination of the regression equation R2 < 0.3, and the regression coefficients were insignificant The reasons for high abundance of C. hepaticum in northern insular ecosystems are discussed. Possible key factors for the stable vitality of the parasite populations are: 1) favourable hydrothermal conditions of the soil in the shore (littoral) zone; 2) the possibility of passive transfer between islands; 3) the ability to survive outside the host for a long time (an egg can remain invasive in the external environment for up to three years); and 4) cannibalism as the main pathway of vermination circulation in isolated populations of small mammals.

© Petrozavodsk State University

Reviewer: B. Romashov
Reviewer: E. P. Ieshko
Received on: 29 December 2014
Published on: 26 February 2015

References

Anikanova V. S. Bugmyrin S. V. Ieshko E. P. Methods of collection and study of helminthes in small mammals. Petrozavodsk: KarNC RAN, 2007. 145 p.

Bugmyrin S. V. Korosov A. V. Bespyatova L. A. Ieshko E. P. Helminth fauna of the bank vole Myodes glareolus (Schreber, 1780) in the Kizhi Archipelago, Parazitologiya. 2015. T. 49. No. 1. C. 61–71.

Ivanter E. V. Population ecology of small mammals in the North-Western taiga of the USSR. L.: Nauka, 1975. 240 p.

Ieshko E. P. Bugmyrin S. V. Anikanova V. S. Pavlov Yu. L. Patterns in the dynamics and distribution of parasite abundance in small mammals, Trudy Zoologicheskogo instituta RAN. 2009. T. 313. No. 3. C. 319–328.

Korosov A. V. Organization of field practice in zoology of vertebrates: Uchebnoe posobie. Petrozavodsk, 1994. 67 p.

Korosov A. V. Island populations of small mammals, 10 let ekologicheskomu monitoringu muzeya-zapovednika «Kizhi». Itogi, problemy, perspektivy (materialy nauchno-prakticheskogo seminara). Petrozavodsk: Karel'skiy nauchnyy centr RAN, 2005. C. 141–147.

Korosov A. V. Gorbach V. V. Computer processing of biological data: Metodicheskoe posobie. Petrozavodsk: Izd-vo PetrGU, 2010. 84 p.

Mozgovoy A. A. Semenova M. K. Mischenko R. I. Cybatova S. V. On the helminth fauna of rodents and hares in Karelia, Trudy GELAN AN SSSR. 1966. T. 17. P. 95–103.

Pavlov Yu. L. Ieshko E. P. Model of parasite abundance distribution, Doklady akademii nauk SSSR. 1986. T. 289. P. 746–748.

Romashov B. V. The life cycle partf Hepaticola hepatica (Nematoda, Capillariidae), Parazitologicheskie issledovaniya v zapovednikah: Sb. tr. M.: CNIL Glavohoty, 1983. P. 49–58.

Romashova N. B. Ecology and biodiversity of rodent helminths in fragmented forests of Central Chernozem: Avtoref. disp. ... kand. biol. nauk. Voronezh, 2003. 23 p.

Ryzhikov K. M. Gvozdev E. V. Tokobaev M. M. Shaldybin L. S. Macaberidze G. V. Merkusheva I. V. Nadtochiy E. V. Hohlova I. G. Sharpilo L. D. SR. Key of helminths of rodents in the USSR. Nematodes and Acanthocephalans. M.: Nauka, 1979. 272 p.

Chechulin A. I. Karpenko S. V. Panov V. V. Ecology of Hepaticola hepatica infection in rodents in southern West Siberia, Sibirskiy ekologicheskiy zhurnal. 2011. T. 18. No. 4. P. 563–569.

Canning E. U., Cox F. E. G., Croll N. A., LyonsK. M. The natural history of Slapton Ley Nature Reserve: VI studies on the parasites, Field Studies. 1973. Vol. 3. No. 5. P. 681–718.

Childs J. E., Glass G. E., Korch G. W. The comparative epizootiology of Capillaria hepatica (Nematoda) in urban rodents from different habitats ofBaltimore,Maryland, Canadian Journal of Zoology. 1988. Vol. 66. No. 12. P. 2769-2775.

Fuehrer H, P. An overview of the host spectrumand distribution of Calodium hepaticum (syn. Capillaria hepatica): part 1 – Muroidea, Parasitology Research. 2014. Vol. 113. No. 2. P. 619–640.

Herman T. B. Capillaria hepatica (Nematoda) in insular population of the deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus: cannibalism or competition for carcasses?, Canadian Journal of Zoology. 1981. Vol. 59. No. 5. P. 776–784.

Redrobe S. P., Patterson-Kane J. C. Calodium hepaticum (syn. Capillaria hepatica) in Captive Rodents in a Zoological Garden, Journal of Comparative Pathology. 2005. Vol. 133. No. 1. P. 73–76

Resendes A. R., Amaral A. F. S., Rodrigues A., Almeria S. Prevalence of Calodium hepaticum (Syn. Capillaria hepatica) in house mice (Mus musculus) in the Azores archipelago, Veterinary Parasitology. 2009. Vol. 160. No. 3−4. P. 340–343.

Rozsa L., Reiczigel J., Majoros G. Quantifying parasites in samples of hosts, Journal of Parasitology. 2000. Vol. 86. P. 228−232.

Singleton G. R., Spratt D. M., Barker S. C. Hodgson P. F. The geographic distribution and host range of Capillaria hepatica (Bancroft) (Nematoda) inAustralia, International Journal for Parasitology. 1991. Vol. 21. No. 8. P. 945–957.

Spratt D. M., Singleton G. R. Hepatic Capillariasis, Samuel W. M., Pybus M. J., Kocan A. A. (Eds.). Parasitic Diseases of Wild Mammals. Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA, 2001. P. 365–379.

Displays: 4289; Downloads: 915;