Kikeeva A., Chazhengina S., Chazhengina E. Rare earth elements in shungite-bearing soils: content, distribution and specific mycorrhiza formation // Principy èkologii. 2019. № 1. P. 32‒46. DOI: 10.15393/

Issue № 1

Original research


Rare earth elements in shungite-bearing soils: content, distribution and specific mycorrhiza formation

   Anastasiya Vyacheslavovna
   Svetlana Yuryevna
   Elena Alekseevna
PhD, Petrozavodsk State University,
rare earth elements
shungite rocks
shungite-bearing soils
agrochemical soil properties
spruce ectomycorrhiza
Summary: The paper presents the results of the study of the content and distribution of rare earth elements (REE) in the soils formed over shungite rocks in Zaonezhye (Russia, Karelia). The mean gross content of REE in the soils confined to undeveloped shungite outcrops (Podsosonye, Lebeshchina, Karnavolok) remote from the sources of man-made burden is 57 mg/kg. This is lower than the REE content in the soils of Maksovo and Zazhogino quarries that is 78 mg/kg. REE concentrations in shungite soils are below the average bulk earth values. A topological similarity was found in the patterns of REE distribution in shungite rocks and the soils, which manifested itself in the predominance of light over heavy REE (∑LREE / ∑HREE = 5 – 7) and in the presence of a negative Eu anomaly. A slight REE accumulation in the soil was observed (soil enrichment factor), its rate depending on the organic matter content and acidity of the soils. Specific mycorrhiza formation patterns were identified in spruce growing on the soils above the shungite rocks. The thickness and share of a mycelial sheath in the ectomycorrhizal tip of spruce growing in soils above shungite rocks were greater than those of the spruce ectomycorrhizae from the conditionally reference site. There the density of spruce ectomycorrhizae is twice as high as that in the spruce growing on shungite-bearing soils. It was stated that there were correlations between the REE content in soil and the values of ectomycorrhizal parameters. For ectomycorrhizae of the spruce trees growing on the soils above the non-developed shungite rock outcrops positive correlations were detected between REE content and the values of the fungal mycorrhiza component. As for the ectomycorrhizal parameters of the spruce trees growing in the immediate vicinity of the active shungite quarry negative correlations between the soil REE content and the ectomycorrhiza plant component were noted.

© Petrozavodsk State University

Received on: 05 September 2018
Published on: 25 March 2019


Arvela P., Von Lehmann B., Grajewski O., Oberdisse E. Effect of praseodymium on drug metabolism in rat liver smooth rough endoplasmic reticulum, Experientia. 1980. Vol. 36. P. 860–861.

Aubert D., Stille P., Probst A. REE fractionation during granite weathering and removal by waters and suspended loads: Sr and Nd isotopic evidence, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. 2001. Vol. 63. P. 387–406.

Bahmet O. N. Fedorec N. G. Soil cover, Sel'govye landshafty Zaonezhskogo poluostrova: prirodnye osobennosti, istoriya osvoeniya i sohranenie Padma, Pod. red. A. N. Gromceva. Petrozavodsk: Karel'skiy nauchnyy centr RAN. 2013. P. 47–50.

Chemistry of Europe’s Agricultural Soils – Part A: Methodology and Interpretation of the GEMAS Data Set, Eds. C. Reimann, M. Birke, A. Demetriades, P. Filzmoser, P. O’Connor. Hannover: Geologisches Jahrbuch (Reihe B), Heft 102, Schweizerbarth, 2014. 528 p.

Dabah E. V. Rare-eath elements in the soils of the natural and industrial landscapes of Kirov area, Teoreticheskaya i prikladnaya ekologiya. 2016. No. 3. P. 56–67.

Fedorec N. G. Bahmet O. N. Solodovnikov A. N. Morozov A. K. Soils of Karelia. Geochemical atlasM.: Nauka, 2008. 47 p.

Fedorec N. G. D'yakonov V. V. Litinskiy P. Yu. Shil'cova G. V. Heavy metal and sulphur pollution of the territory of the Republic of KareliaPetrozavodsk: Karel'skiy nauchnyy centr RAN, 1998. 47 p.

Fedorec N. G. Morozova R. M. Bahmet O. N. Tkachenko Yu. N. Soils and soil cover of Zaonezhye, Ekologicheskie problemy osvoeniya mestorozhdeniya Srednyaya Padma, Pod. red. E. P. Ieshko. Petrozavodsk: Karel'skiy nauchnyy centr RAN, 2005. P. 20–34.

Filippov M. M. Shungite-bearing rocks of Onega structurePetrozavodsk: Karel'skiy nauchnyy centr RAN, 2002. 280 p.

Geochemical Atlas of Europe, Part 1, Background Information, Methodology and Maps, Eds. R. Salminen, M. J. Batista, M. Bidovec. Espoo: Geological Survey of Finland, 2005. 526 p.

Goecke F., Jerez C. G., Zachleder V., Figueroa F. L., Bišová K., Řezanka T., Milada V. Use of lanthanides to alleviate the effects of metal ion-deficiency in Desmodesmus quadricauda (Sphaeropleales, Chlorophyta), Frontiers in Microbiology. 2015. Vol. 6. P. 12.

Hu Z., Richter H., Sparovek G., Schnug E. Physiological and Biochemical Effects of Rare Earth Elements on Plants and Their Agricultural Significance: A Review, Journal of Plant Nutrition. 2004. Vol. 27 (1). P. 183–220.

Interpretation of geo-chemical data: study guide, Pod red. E. V. Sklyarova. M.: Intermet Inzhiniring, 2001. 288 p.

Ketris M. P., Yudovich Ya. E. Estimations of Clarkes for Carbonaceous biolithes: World averages for trace element contents in black shales and coals, Inter. J. Coal Geology. 2009. Vol. 78. P. 135–148.

Krasil'nikov P. V. Shoba S. A. Sulfate acid soils of Eastern FennoscandiaPetrozavodsk: Karel'skiy nauchnyy centr RAN, 1997. 160 p.

McDonough W. F., Sun S, S. The composition of the Earth, Chemical geology. 1995. Vol. 120. No 3–4. P. 223–253.

Morozova R. M. Forest soils of KareliaL.: Nauka, 1991. 184 p.

Nekrasova O. A. Dergacheva M. I. Rare-eath elements in humic acids and soils of the archeological site Stepnoye 7 (South Urals), Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Biologiya. 2013. No. 4 (24). P. 36–46.

Perelomov L. V. Asainova Zh. S. Yoshida S. Ivanov I. V. Content of rare-eath elements in soils of Prioksky Terrasny biosphere reserve// Pochvovedenie. 2012. No. 10. P. 1115–1126.

Perelomov L. V. Interaction of rare-eath elements with biotic and abiotic soil components, Agrohimiya. 2007. No. 11. P. 85–96.

Piper D. Z. Rare earth elements in the sedimentary cycle – a summary, Chemical Geology. 1974. Vol. 14. P. 285–304.

Rim K. T., Koo K. H., Park J. S. Toxicological evaluations of rare earths and their health impacts to workers: a literature review, Safety and Health at Work. 2013. Vol. 4 (1). P. 12–26.

Romashkin A. E. Rychanchik D. V. Golubev A. I. Geochemistry of rare-eath elements of carbon-bearing rocks in Zaonezhye suite of Onega structure, Geologiya i poleznye iskopaemye Karelii. 2014. No. 14. P. 163–177.

Sadeghi M., Petrosino P., Ladenberger A., Albanese S., Andersson M., Morris G., Lima A., De Vivo B. Ce, La and Y concentrations in agricultural and grazing-land soils of Europe, J. Geochem. Expl. 2013. Vol. 133. P. 202–213.

Shkaraba E. M. Perevedenceva L. G. Mehonoshin L. E. Consortive links of forest plants and mushrooms in conditions of industrial pollution, Ekologiya. 1991. No. 6. P. 12–17.

Sholkovitz E. R. The aquatic chemistry of rare earth elements in rivers and estuaries, Aquat. Geochem. 1995. Vol. 1. P. 1–34.

Soils of Karelia, Pod red. I. P. Lazareva. Petrozavodsk: Kareliya, 1981. 192 p.

Thomas P. J., Carpenter D., Boutin C., Allison J. E. Rare earth elements (REEs): Effects on germination and growth of selected crop and native plant species, Chemosphere. 2014. Vol. 96. P. 57–66.

Vadkovskaya I. K. Chemical elements and life in the biosphere, Pod red. I. K. Vadkovskoy, K. I. Lukasheva. Minsk: Vysheyshaya shkola, 1981. 175 p.

Veselkin D. V. Impact of various types of pollution on diversity of mycorrhizae of Pinus silvestris, Mikologiya i fitopatologiya. 2006. T. 40. Vyp. 2. P. 122–132.

Veselkin D. V. Morphological variability and adaptive significance of ectomycorrhizae of conifers: Pinaceae Lindl.: Avtoref. dip. ... d-ra biol. nauk. Ekaterinburg, 2013. 40 p.

Veselkin D. V. Reaction of mycorrhizae to technogenic pollution of various types// Sibirskiy ekologicheskiy zhurnal. 2005. No. 4. P. 753–761.

Veselkin D. V. Variability of anatomical parameters of ectomycorrhizal tips of different construction// Mikologiya i fitopatologiya. 2003. T. 37. Vyp. 1. P. 22–29.

Vinogradov A. P. Srednie soderzhaniya himicheskih elementov v glavnyh tipah izverzhennyh gornyh porod zemnoy kory [Average content of chemical elements in the main types of pyrogenic rocks of the Eath crust// Geohimiya. 1962. No. 7. P. 555–571.

Vodyanickiy Yu. N. Savichev A. T. Vasil'ev A. A. Lobanova E. S. Chaschin A. N. Prokopovich E. V. Content of heavy alcaline-eath (Sr, Ba) and rare-eath (Y,La,Ce) metals in industrially polluted soils, Pochvovedenie. 2010. No. 7. P. 879–890.

Vodyanickiy Yu. N. Heavy and super-heavy metals and metalloids in polluted soilsM.: GNU Pochvennyy institut im. V. V. Dokuchaeva Rossel'hozakademii, 2009. 95 p.

Volokh A. A., Gorbunov A. V., Gundorina S. F., Revich B. A., Frontasyeva M. V., Chen S. P. Phosphorus fertilizer production as a source of rare-earth elements pollution of the environment, Science of The Total Environment. 1990. Vol. 95. P. 141–148.

Zhu W. F., Xu S. Q., Shao P. P., Zhang H., Wu D. S., Yang W. J., Feng J., Feng L. Investigation on liver function among population in high background of rare earth area in South China, Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 2005. Vol. 104. P. 1–7.

Displays: 3952; Downloads: 852;