Drozdenko T., Mikhalap S., Bugero N. Species structure and diversity of phytoplankton of the Velikaya River delta (Pskov region, Russia) // Principy èkologii. 2020. № 3. P. 98‒112. DOI: 10.15393/j1.art.2020.7962


Issue № 3

Original research

pdf-version

Species structure and diversity of phytoplankton of the Velikaya River delta (Pskov region, Russia)

Drozdenko
   Tatyana Viktorovna
PhD, Pskov State University, Pskov, Sovetskaya st. 21, tboichuk@mail.ru
Mikhalap
   Sergey Gennadyevich
Pskov State University, Pskov, Sovetskaya st. 21, sgmikhalap@gmail.com
Bugero
   Nina Vladimirovna
Ph.D., Pskov State University, Pskov, Sovetskaya st. 21, bugero@mail.ru
Keywords:
biodiversity
phytoplankton
communities
indices of biodiversity
Velikaya River delta
Pskov region
Summary: The article considers the species structure and the temporal dynamics of some indicators of alpha and beta diversity of phytoplankton of the Velikaya River delta (Pskov region, Russia) in the summer period 2016–2017. Microalgae are important components of aquatic ecosystems because they form a significant part of a primary production. They are the first to respond to any changes in ecosystems, so, in addition to the coenotic, they have the most important monitoring value. The aim of the work was to study the species structure and some parameters of the diversity of phytoplankton in the Velikaya River delta at five specified stations. The Velikaya River delta is a unique natural complex, where the main riverbed divides into several branches, separated by low islands overgrown with macrophytes. Due to the peculiarities of the hydrological and climatic regimes, unique environmental conditions are created in the delta, which is reflected in the structure and species richness of the phytoplankton communities inhabiting it. In the course of the research, it was found that chlorophytic-diatomic complex of microalgae dominated in all sample stations during 2016–2017. When comparing the taxonomic composition of microalgae in 2016–2017 with the data of 1990–2000, a significant increase in the total species richness was revealed. It may be due to changes in the conditions of the delta ecosystem, as well as to the methodology for obtaining data. The average number and biomass of microalgae in 2016 were 1.6 million cells/l and 0.94 mg/l, respectively, and in 2017 – 460.1 thousand cells/l and 0.16 mg/l, respectively. Quantitative indicators of phytoplankton in 2016 were significantly higher than in 2017, due to temperature conditions and fluctuations in the water level in the delta. The values of the generalized alpha diversity indices in the separately considered phyla had significant differences. The obtained data indicate the presence of annual rearrangements in communities of microalgae, and they are more pronounced within individual phyla.

© Petrozavodsk State University

Reviewer: E. Vodeneeva
Received on: 14 May 2018
Published on: 30 September 2020

References

Afonina E. A. Seasonal dynamics of phytoplankton of the Velikaya river (Pskov, Russia), Al'gologiya. 2014. T. 24. No. 4. P. 489–503.

Basics of hydrochemistry. L.: Gidrometeoizdat, 1970. 442 p.

Benton M. J. Origins of Biodiversity, PLoS Biol. 2016. Vol. 14 (11). URL: https://DOI.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.2000724 (data obrascheniya 01.02.2019).

Byrnes J. E. K., Gamfeldt, L., Forest I., Lefcheck J. S., Griffin, J. N., Hector A., Bradley C. J., David H. U., Laura D. E., Duffy E. J. Investigating the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality: challenges and solutions, Methods in Ecology and Evolution. 2014. Vol. 5 (2). P. 111–124. DOI: 10.1111/2041–210X.12143.

Carenko P. M. Short identification guide of chlorococcal algae of the Ukrainian SSR, AN USSR. Institut botaniki im. N. G. Holodnogo; Otv. red. G. M. Palamar'-Mordvinceva. Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1990. 208 p.

Chao A., Chazdon R. L., Colwell R. K., Shen T. J. A new statistical approach for assessing similarity of species composition with incidence and abundance data, Ecol. Lett. 2005. Vol. 8. P. 148–159. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461–0248.2004.00707.x.

Chernov T. I. Thakahova A. K. Kutovaya O. V. Estimation of various diversity indices to characterise the soil prokaryotic community based on metagenomic analysis, Pochvovedenie. 2015. No. 4. P. 462–468.

Drozdenko T. V. Mihalap S. G. Monitoring the state of phytoplankton in the Velikaya River delta, Vestnik Pskovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya «Estestvennye i fiziko-matematicheskie nauki». Vyp. 6. Pskov: Pskovskiy gosudarstvennyy universitet, 2015. P. 3–8.

Drozdenko T. V. Mihalap S. G. Structural and taxonomic diversity and ecological features of phytoplankton in the Velikaya River delta (Pskov Oblast), Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Biologiya. 2018. No. 41. C. 118–134. DOI: 10.17223/19988591/41/7.

Drozdenko T., Mikhalap S., Mikhailova K., Chernova A. The modern status of the Velikaya river delta on the state of primary producers, Environment. Technology. Resources: Proceeding of the 12th International Scientific and Practical Conference. June 20–22, 2019. Rezekne: Rezekne Academy of Technologies, 2019. Vol. 1. P. 48–53.

Drozdenko T., Mikhalap S., Nikolskaya L., Chernova A. Assessment of Ecological State of the Velikaya River Delta Based on Hydrochemical Indicators and Structure of Phytoplankton, Environment. Technology. Resources: Proceeding of the 11th International Scientific and Practical Conference. June 15–17, 2017. Vol. 1. Rezekne: Rezekne Academy of Technologies, 2017. P. 82–88.

Environmental monitoring of the Velikaya river Delta. Ch. I, Pod red. O. A. Lebedevoy. Pskov: PGPI, 2003. 156 p.

Gabyshev V. A. Gabysheva O. I. Phytoplankton of large rivers of Yakutia and adjacent territories of Eastern Siberia, Pod red. L. G. Kornevoy. Novosibirsk: SibAK, 2018. 414 p.

Gamfeldt L., Snäll T., Bagchi R., Jonsson M., Gustafsson L., Kjellander P., Ruiz–Jaen M. C., Fröberg M., Stendahl J., Philipson C. D., Mikusiński G., Andersson E., Westerlund B., Andrén H., Moberg F., Moen J., Bengtsson J. Higher levels of multiple ecosystem services are found in forests with more tree species, Nature Communications. 2013. Vol. 4 (1340). P. 1–8. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2328.

Gollerbah M. M. Kosinskaya E. K. Polyanskiy V. I. Blue-green algae, Opredelitel' presnovodnyh vodorosley SSSR. M.: Nauka, 1953. Vyp. 2. 650 p.

Guiry M. D., Guiry G. M. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. URL: http://www.algaebase.org (data obrascheniya: 25.04.2020).

Guseva K. A. To the method of accounting for phytoplankton, Trudy Instituta biologii vodohranilisch. L., 1959. T. 2. P. 44–51.

Ives A. R., Carpenter S. R. Stability and diversity of ecosystems, Science. 2007. Vol. 317. P. 58–62.

Komarek J. Cyanoprokaryota. Teil 1: Chroococcales, J. Komarek, K. Anagnostidis, Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Bd. 19/1. Jena; Stuttgart; Lübeck; Ulm., 1998. 548 p.

Komarek J. Cyanoprokaryota. Teil 2: Oscillatoriales, J. Komarek, K. Anagnostidis, Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Bd. 19/2. München, 2005. 759 p.

Laugaste R., Noges T., Noges P., Jastremskij V., Milius A., Ott I. Algae, Lace Peipsi Flora and Fauna. 2001. Tartu, 2001. P. 31–49.

Lebedeva O. A. The ecosystem of the Velikaya River delta and its impact on Lake Pskov-Peipsi, Pskovskiy regionologicheskiy zhurnal. 2006. No. 1. P. 107–121.

Liu J., Kattel G., Peter H. A., Yang H. Towards threshold–based management of freshwater ecosystems in the context of climate change, Ecological Modelling. 2015. Vol. 318. P. 265–274.

Matvienko A. M. Golden algae, Opredelitel' presnovodnyh vodorosley SSSR. M.: Sovetskaya nauka, 1954. Vyp. 3. 188 p.

Mihaylova K. B. Mihalap S. G. Long-term dynamics of the area overgrown with helophytic vegetation of Pskov lake, Transformaciya ekosistem. 2019. No. 1. P. 86–93.

Millenium Ecosystem Assessment Series. Ecosystems and human well-being: wetlands and water synthesis. Washington, D. C.: Island Press, 2005. 63 p.

Naeem S., Li S. Biodiversity enhances ecosystem reliability, Nature. 1997. Vol. 390. P. 507–509.

Nguyen N. T. H., Soto A. J., Kontonatsios G., Batista-Navarro R., Ananiadou S. Constructing a biodiversity terminological inventory, PLoS ONE. 2017. Vol. 12 (4). URL: https://DOI.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0175277 (data obrascheniya: 03.02.2019).

Odum Yu. Ecology. M.: Mir, 1986. 426 p.

Popova O. A. Reshetnikov Yu. S. Tereschenko V. G. New approaches to biodiversity monitoring, Monitoring bioraznoobraziya: Sb. nauch. tr. M.: Nauka, 1997. P. 269–277.

Puzneckite K. S. Marushkina E. V. The use of alpha-diversity indices of zooplanktonic communities to assess the trophic status of waterbodies (on the example of some lakes of the Chebarkul group), Vestnik Chelyabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2005. T. 12. No. 1. P. 22–25.

Ricotta C., Bacaro G., Moretti M. A New Measure of Functional Evenness and Some of Its Properties, PLoS ONE. 2014. Vol. 9 (8). URL: https://DOI.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0104060 (data obrascheniya: 04.02.2019).

Sadchikov A. P. Methods for studying freshwater phytoplankton: practice guide. M.: Universitet i shkola, 2003. 157 p.

Schegoleva N. T. Gollerbah M. M. Yellow-green algae, Opredelitel' presnovodnyh vodorosley SSSR. M.; L.: Nauka, 1962. Vyp. 5. 272 p.

Schegoleva N. T. Matvienko A. M. Shkorbatov L. A. Green algae. Volvox Class. Chlorophyta: Volvocineae, Opredelitel' presnovodnyh vodorosley SSSR. M.; L.: Nauka, 1959. Vyp. 8. 223 p.

Schindler D. W. Sustaining aquatic ecosystems in boreal regions, Conservation Ecology. 1998. Vol. 2 (2). P. 18. URL: http://www.consecol.org/vol2/iss2/art18/ (data obrascheniya: 01.02.2019).

Sharov A. N. Andreeva I. V. Spatial-temporal organization of phytoplankton in Peipsi lake, Principy ekologii. 2016. No. 5. P. 71–80. DOI: 10.15393/j1.art.2016.5502.

Shitikov V. K. Zinchenko T. D. Rozenberg G. S. Macroecology of river communities: concepts, methods, models. Tol'yatti: Kassandra, 2011. 255 p.

Shmidt V. M. Statistical methods in comparative Floristics. L.: Izdatel'stvo Leningradskogo universiteta, 1980. 176 p.

Solov'eva V. V. Korneva L. G. Characteristics of saprobity of shallow waters and pelagial areas of the Volga ples of the Rybinsk reservoir by phytoplankton, Nauchnye vedomosti Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya «Estestvennye nauki». 2012. T. 21. No. 21 (140). P. 34–39.

Sudnicyna D. N. Mihaylova K. B. Influence of fluctuations in the water level of lake Pskov-Peipus on the structure of the flora of the Talab Islands, Vestnik Pskovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya «Estestvennye i fiziko-matematicheskie nauki». Vyp. 9. Pskov: Pskovskiy gosudarstvennyy universitet, 2016. P. 42–50.

Sudnicyna D. N. Algoflora of reservoirs of the Pskov region. Pskov: LOGOS Plyus, 2012. 224 p.

Tom I. Flora of water bodies of the Ukraine. Volume 1. Cianobacteria, O. I. Kovalenko. Kiїv: Inst. bot. im. M. G. Holodnogo NAN Ukraїni, 2009. 397 p.

Uitteker R. Communities and Ecosystems. M.: Progress, 1980. 327 p.

Yastremskiy V. V. Structure and productivity of phytoplankton of lake Pskov-Peipsi. SPb.: FGBNU «GosNIORH», 2016. 296 p.

Zabelina M. M. Kiselev I. A. Lavrenko A. I. Sheshukova V. S. Diatoms, Opredelitel' presnovodnyh vodorosley SSSR. M.: Nauka, 1951. Vyp. 4. 620 p.

Displays: 6845; Downloads: 634;