|Issue № 3||
|State Research Institute of Lake and River Fisheries (GosNIORKh), firstname.lastname@example.org|
|State Research Institute of Lake and River Fisheries (GosNIORKh), email@example.com|
Summary: The aim of the investigation was to study the influence of anthropogenic burden on the catchment areas of the rivers in Vologda Region and to establish the dependence of the chemical composition of water on pollution sources in the rivers of the Verkhnyaya Sukhona basin. In the catchment areas hydro chemical samples were taken, population density was calculated as well as the automated and visual interpretation of the main elements of the landscape was carried out. At that, forests, populated areas, farmlands and other territories changed by economic activities were identified. An increase in the pollutants concentration in the catchment areas on drawing near the regional center was detected. The development of the catchment areas varies depending on the landscape pattern and on the proximity to the city of Vologda. The population density and the relative area of settlements and farmlands increase while approaching to the city, at the same time the ratio of forests decreases. The positive correlation dependence between the phosphate content and the relative size of farmlands was shown. The main source of pollutants in the catchment areas of the Verkhnyaya Sukhona basin is the presence of settlements and high population density. Under such conditions, high concentration of sodium, chlorine, nitrogen-containing compounds as well as permanganate oxidizability are observed in water.
© Petrozavodsk State University
Received on: 21 March 2017
Published on: 09 November 2017
Alyabina G. A. Sorokin I. N. The stock of substances in the catchment area, the conditions for their implementation and the flow to the catchment area, Izmenenie v sisteme «Vodosbor-ozero» pod vliyaniem antropogennogo faktora. L.: Nauka, 1983. P. 62–68.
Andrianova A. B. Geo-ecological analysis of anthropogenic pressure on catchment and water basins. SPb., 2005. 22 p.
Borisov M. Ya. Features of the «watershed-Lake Vozhe» system functioning and its impact on fish population. Petrozavodsk, 2006. 242 p.
Borisov M. Ya. The change in the phosphorus content in the soils of the watershed of Lake Vozhe and its influence on eutrophication of the reservoir, Vestnik NSO. Seriya «Fiziko-matematicheskie i estestvenno-nauchnye discipliny». Temat. vyp. «Issledovaniya biologicheskogo i landshaftnogo raznoobraziya Vologodskoy oblasti». Vologda: Rus', 2004. P. 8–13.
Chernyshev A. V. The wellbeing index of catchment basins as integral indicator of forming hydrologic regim of the territory, Izvestiya Samarskogo nauchnogo centra Rossiyskoy akademii nauk. 2011. T. 13. No. 5–2. P. 244–249.
Drabkova V. G. Sorokin I. N. Lake and its catchment – a single natural system. L.: Nauka, 1979. 195 p.
Drinking water and water supply of populated areas. Drinking water. Hygienic requirements for water quality of centralized drinking water supply systems. Quality control. Hygienic requirements for ensuring the safety of hot water systems. Sanitary and epidemiological rules and regulations. SanPin 188.8.131.524-01.
Filenko R. A. Waters of the Vologda region. L.: Izd-vo Leningr. un-ta, 1966. 131 p.
Filippov D. A. Hydrochemical characteristics of mire water tracks (by the example of Shichengskoe raised bog, Vologda region), Voda: himiya i ekologiya. 2014. No. 7 (73). P. 10–17.
Filonenko I. V. Filippov D. A. Estimation of the area of mires in the Vologda Region, Trudy Instorfa. 2013. No. 7 (60). P. 3–11.
Fortunatov M. A. Color and transparency of the water of the Rybinsk Reservoir as an indicator of its regime, Trudy Instituta biologii vodohranilisch AN SSSR. M.; L.: Izd-vo AN SSS, 1959. Vyp. 2 (5). P. 246–357.
Fundamentals of hydrochemistry. L.: Gidrometizdat, 1970. 442 p.
GlobalVisualizationViewer, USGS. U. S. Geological Survey. 2017. URL: http://glovis.usgs.gov (data obrascheniya: 05.02.2017).
Ivanov A. A. Mazurkin P. M. Ecological assesment of small rivers watersheds (by example of Marij El Republic). Yoshkar-Ola: MarGTU, 2007. 108 p.
Ivicheva K. N. Filonenko I. V. Analysis of relation between water quality according to chemical indexes and water cathment area use, Principy ekologii. 2013. T. 2. No. 3 (7). P. 53–61. DOI: 10.15393/j1.art.2012.1061.
Jarvis A., Reuter H. I., Nelson A., Guevara E. Hole-filled SRTM for the globe Version 4, available from the CGIAR-CSI SRTM 90m. Database. 2008. URL: http://www.srtm.csi.cgiar.org (data obrascheniya: 05.02.2017).
Kireycheva L. V. Kozykeeva A. T. Dauletbay S. T. Estimation of the environmental sustainbility of the river Shu watershed at its integrated engineering, Mezhdunarodnyy nauchno-issledovatel'skiy zhurnal. 2015. No. 9 (40). Ch. 3. P. 23–26.
Kitaev S. P. Fundamentals of limnology for hydrobiologists and ichthyologists. Petrozavodsk: KarNC RAN, 2007. 395 p.
Klementova E. Geynige V. Estimation of the environmental sustainbility of agricultural landscapes, Melioraciya i vodnoe hozyaystvo. 1995. No. 5. P. 33–34.
Koronkevich N. I. Zayceva I. S. Kitaev L. M. Negative hydroecological situations, Izvestiya RAN. Ser. geogr. 1995. No. 1. P. 43–52.
Kurganovich N. A. Shalikovskiy A. V. The assesment of anthropogenic load on the river basins of Transbaikal Territory, Vestnik ZabGU. 2014. No. 10 (113). P. 4–10.
Maksutova N. K. Landscapes of the Vologda region. Vologda, 2006. 56 p.
Minullina A. A. Mustkimova I. V. Mavlyautdinova G. S. Calculation of various parameters of the small river basin condition (on the example of the river Stepnoy Zay), Izvestiya Samarskogo nauchnogo centra Rossiyskoy akademii nauk. 2010. T. 12. No. 1–4. P. 963–966.
Natural zoning of the Vologda region for agricultural purposes. L: Severo-Zapadnoe kn. izd-vo, 1970. 258 p.
Nature of Vologda region. Vologda: Izd. dom «Vologzhanin», 2007. 440 p.
Nekontroliruemaya klassifikaciya izoklastera. URL: http://resources.arcgis.com/ru/help/main/10.1/index.html#//009z000000pn000000 (data obrascheniya: 05.02.2017).
Picil' A. O. Assessment of the removal of pollutants from non-point sources in urban areas, Al'manah sovremennoy nauki i obrazovaniya. 2013. No. 9 (76). P. 141–144.
Report on the environmental situation in the Vologda region and the results of the Department's activities in 2011. Vologda, 2012. 69 p.
Reymers N. F. Ecology (theory, laws, rules, principles and hypotheses). M.: Zhurnal «Rossiya Molodaya», 1994. 367 p.
Savichev O. G. Influence of mires on hydrochemical runoff in the Middle Ob basin (within the Tomsk region), Izvestiya Tomskogo politehnicheskogo universiteta. 2005. T. 308. No. 3. P. 47–50.
Skornyakov V. A. Accounting for the distribution of natural factors and anthropogenic loads in assessing water quality in rivers, Problemy gidrologii i gidroekologii. M., 1999. Vyp. 1. P. 238–261.
Sorokin I. N. Removal of matter from watersheds, Izmenenie v sisteme «Vodosbor-ozero» pod vliyaniem antropogennogo faktora. L.: Nauka, 1983. P. 56–62.
Tkachev B. P. Bulatov V. I. Small rivers: current status and environmental problems. Analytical review, GPNTB SO RAN. Novosibirsk, 2002. 114 p.
Yasinskiy S. V. Formation of hydrological regime of watersheds of small sluggish rivers. M., 2009. 54 p.