Khokhlova T. Morphometrics of the Common Sandpipers Actitis hypoleucos breeding on the East coast of Lake Ladoga // Principy èkologii. 2017. № 2. P. 70‒82. DOI: 10.15393/

Issue № 2

Original research


Morphometrics of the Common Sandpipers Actitis hypoleucos breeding on the East coast of Lake Ladoga

D.Sc., IB KarSC RAS,
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Lake Ladoga
Summary: The main morphometric parameters describing the population of the Common Sandpipers Actitis hypoleucos were analyzed. The birds were captured in bringing forth nestlings in June - mid July, 1990–2007. The population of birds of the East coast of Ladoga does not differ from European ones according to its external parameters. Average wing length (N = 178) is 112.8 ± 0.22 (104–120) mm, tail (172) – 57.3 ± 0.22 (49–65 mm), tarso-metatarsus (119) – 24.9 ± 0.12 (21–29) mm, bill (159) – 28.2 ± 0.11 (24–32) mm. Yearling birds nestling for the first time on an average less than older individuals (wing length – 111.9 ± 0.47 mm and 113.3 ± 0.37 mm, respectively), the wings and tails length of senior birds can vary from year to year without any certain tendency. It is established that the wing length is reduced significantly by the end of a breeding season because of the gradual destruction of a plumage. The sizes of females and males overlap almost entirely. It is shown that the birds do not focus on size when forming pairs: the first partner of bird may be either smaller or larger. The effectiveness of sex determination of breeding Common Sandpipers with the help of morphometric indices calculated on the basis of transient birds’ measurements, needs verification as while calculating, the presence of mixed-aged individuals in samples is not considered as well as varying degrees of plumage destruction of females and males migrating in different time periods.

© Petrozavodsk State University

Reviewer: V. Tarasov
Received on: 11 January 2017
Published on: 29 June 2017


Blasco-Zumeta, Heinze. Common Sandpiper Ageing and sexing by, Ibercaja Aula en Red. URL2: (data obrascheniya 13.12.2016).

Brown S. C. Common Sandpiper biometrics, Wader Study Group Bull. 1973. Vol. 11. P. 18–23.

Cramp S., Simmons K. E. L. (eds.). The Birds of the Western Palearctic. Vol. III. Waders to Gulls. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 1983. 913 p.

Dougall T. W., Holland P. K., Mee A., Yalden D. W. Comparative population dynamics of Common Sandpipers Actitis hypoleucos: living at the edge: Capsule Common Sandpiper populations at the edge of their range do not recruit so well, Bird Study. 2005. Vol. 52. No. 1. R. 80–87. DOI: 1080/00063650509461376.

Gates H. R., Yezerinac S., Powell A. N., Tomkovich P. S., Valchuk O. P., Lanctot R. B. Differentiation of subspecies and sexes of Beringian dunlin using morphometric measures, Journal of Field Ornithology. 2013. Vol. 84. P. 389–402.

Gladkov N. A. Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos L., Pticy Sovetskogo Soyuza, Pod red. G. P. Dement'eva i N. A. Gladkova. M.: Sov. nauka, 1951. T. 3. P. 241–255.

Glutz von Blotzheim U. N., Bauer K. M., Bezzel E. Handbuch der Vögel Mitteleuropas. Vol. 7. Wiesbaden: Aula-Verlag, 1977. 895 p.

Griffiths R., Double M. C., Orr K., Dawson R. J .G. A DNA test to sex most birds, Molecular Ecology. 1998. No. 7. P. 1071–1075.

Hohlova T. Yu. Lunina T. L. Methods and main results of population monitoring of Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos in the coast of Lake Ladoga (Karelia), Materialy yubileynoy nauchno-prakt. konf. «Rol' zapovednikov Rossii v sohranenii i izuchenii prirody»: Trudy Okskogo gop. prirodnogo biosfernogo zapovednika. Vyp. 24. Ryazan': NP «Golos gubernii», 2015a. P. 172–175.

Hohlova T. Yu. Lunina T. L. Territorial constancy of Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos) on the coast of the Lake Ladoga, Voprosy ekologii, migracii i ohrany kulikov Severnoy Evrazii: Materialy 10-y yubileynoy konf. rabochey gruppy po kulikam Severnoy Evrazii, Red. I. I. Chernichko, V. N. Mel'nikov. Ivanovo: Izd-vo Ivanovskogo gop. un-ta, 2016. P. 396–399.

Hohlova T. Yu., Lunina T. L. Osobennosti gnezdovoy biologii i territorial'nogo povedeniya perevozchika Actitis hypoleucos L. v Vostochnom Priladozh'e [Breeding biology and territorial behavior of Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos L. on the East coast of Lake Ladoga, Uchenye zapiski Petrozavodskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser. «Estestvennye i tehnicheskie nauki». 2015b. No. 6 (151). P. 34–37.

Holland P. K., Robson J. E., Yalden D. W. The breeding biology of the common sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos in the Peak Distric, Bird Study. 1982. Vol. 29. No. 2. P. 99–110.

Holland P. K., Yalden D. W. Population dynamics of Common Sandpipers Actitis hypoleucos breeding along an upland river system, Bird Study. 1991. Vol. 38. P. 151–159.

Hung C, M., Drovetski S., Zink R. Multilocus test of the absence of mtDNA phylogeographic structure in a widespread wader, the Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos), Journal of Ornithology. 2013. Vol. 154. P. 1105–1113.

Ivanter E. V. Korosov A. V. An Introduction to Quantitative Biology. Petrozavodsk: Izd-vo PetrGU, 2011. 304 p.

Iwajomo S. B., Hedenström A. Migration patterns and morphometrics of common sandpipers Actitis hypoleucos at Ottenby, southeastern Sweden, Ringing and Migration. 2011. Vol. 26. No. 1. P. 38–47.

Kozlova E. V. Charadriiformes. Suborder waders. Seriya: Fauna SSSR. Pticy. T. 2. Vyp. 1. Ch. 2. M.; L.: AN SSSR, 1961. 502 p.

Løfaldli L. On the breeding season biometrics of the common sandpiper, Ringing and Migration. 1981. Vol. 3. No. 3. P. 133–136.

Meissner W. Autumn migration and biometrics of the Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos caught in the Gulf of Gdańsk, Ornis Fennica. 1997. Vol. 74. P. 131–139.

Meissner W. Timing and phenology of autumn migration of common sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos) at the Gulf of Gdansk, The Ring. 1996. Vol. 18. P. 59–72.

Meissner W., Holland P. K., Cofta T. Ageing and sexing series 11: Ageing and sexing the Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos, Wader Study. 2015. Vol. 122. No. 1. P. 54–59.

Meissner W., Krupa R. Identifying the Sex of the Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos) by Linear Measurements, Ann. Zool. Fennici. 2016. Vol. 53. P. 175–182.

Nebel S. Differential migration of shorebirds in the East Asian-Australasian Flyway, Emu. 2007. Vol. 107. P. 14–18.

Nesterenko O. N. Antonenkova V. G. Aliskerov S. V. Sex identification in birds on chromosom preparations, Nauchnye issledovaniya v zoologicheskih parkah. M., 1996. No. 6. P. 80–86.

Rezvyy S. P. Noskov G. A. Gaginskaya A. R. Atlas of bird migration according to ringing and recovery data for Leningrad region. L.: SPb ob-vo estestvoispytateley, 1995. 236 p.

Robson J. E. Brief note on British breeding Common Sandpipers, Wader Study Group Bull. 1977. Vol. 21. P. 7–8.

Sandpiper, Shared Encyclopedia URL1: (data obrascheniya 13.12.2016).

Shtifel' A. Priklonskiy S. G. Postel'nyh V. A. Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos, Migracii ptic Vostochnoy Evropy i Severnoy Azii: Zhuravleobraznye – rzhankoobraznye, Red. V. D. Il'ichev. M.: Nauka, 1985. P. 126–143.

Valkama J., Saurola P., Lehikoinen A., Lehikoinen E. Piha M., Sola P., Velmala W. Suomen rengastusatlas. Osa II. Helsinki: Luonnontieteellinen keskusmuseo & ympäristöministeriö, 2014. 784 s.

Vinogradova N. V. Dol'nik V. R. Efremov V. D. Paevskiy V. A. Identification of Sex and Age in Passerine Birds of the USSR. M.: Nauka, 1976. 189 p.

Wernham C. V., Toms M. P., Marchant J. H., Clark J. A., Siriwardena G. M., Baillie S. R. (eds.). The Migration Atlas: Movements of the Birds of Britain and Ireland. London: T. & A. D. Poyser, 2002. 900 p.

Yalden D. W. Wing area, wing growth and wing loading of Common Sandpipers Actitis hypoleucos, Wader Study Group Bull. 2012. Vol. 119. No. 2. P. 84–88.

Zink R. M., Pavlova A., Drovetski S., Rohwer S. Mitochondrial phylogeographies of five widespread Eurasian birds, Journal of Ornithology. 2008. Vol. 149. P. 399–413.

Displays: 3528; Downloads: 760;