Savinov A., Nikitin Y. Development of concepts of plants activity, its ecological role and methods of its assessment in ecosystems // Principy èkologii. 2017. № 3. P. 20‒39. DOI: 10.15393/

Issue № 3

Analytical review


Development of concepts of plants activity, its ecological role and methods of its assessment in ecosystems

PhD, Lobachevsky Nizhny Novgorod State University,
Lobachevsky Nizhny Novgorod State University,
plants activity
adaptive strategies
Summary: When studying the species activity in the phytocoenoses, three methodological approaches are used: coenotipic, status and ergontic. The latter is proposed for the first time and based on the fact that the activity of plant organisms of a given species is considered as a set of interactions of these organisms with each other, with other organisms and abiotic components of ecosystems. This interaction essentially reflects the rate of accumulation and generation of substances, energy and information by plant organisms. To calculate the activity of the plant species in this aspect, the appropriate formulas were proposed. When comparing the coenotipic, status and ergontic approaches, it was stated that these approaches can complement each other.

© Petrozavodsk State University

Reviewer: S. Saksonov
Reviewer: N. V. Vasilevskaya
Received on: 29 December 2016
Published on: 09 November 2017


Alimov A. F. Bogatov V. V. Golubkov S. M. Productive hydrobiology. SPb.: Nauka, 2013. 343 p.

Angert A. L., Huxman T. E., Barron-Gafford G. A., Gerst K. L., Venable D. L. Linking growth strategies to long-term population dynamics in a guild of desert annuals, J. Ecol. 2007. Vol. 95. No. 2. P. 321–331.

Babich H. A. Ushakova S. N. Activity of segetal species in forest nurseries of the southern taiga subzone of the Vologda region, Vestn. Severn. (Arktich.) federal'n. un-ta. Ser. Estestvennye nauki. 2012. Vyp. 2. P. 5–10.

Bernshteyn N. A. Essays on the physiology of movements and physiology of activity. M.: Medicina, 1966. 349 p.

Betehtina A. A. Veselkin D. V. Prevalence and intensity of mycorrhiza formation in herbaceous plants with different types of ecological strategies in the Middle Urals, Ekologiya. 2011. No. 3. P. 176–183.

Bezel' V. S. Zhuykova T. V. Pozolotina V. N. Structure of dandelion cenopopulations and specific features of heavy metal accumulation, Ekologiya. 1998. No. 5. P. 376–382.

Biological encyclopedic dictionary. M.: Sov. enciklopediya, 1986. 831 p.

Biosphere Origin and Evolution, Dobretsov N. et al. (Eds.). Berlin: Springer, 2008. 427 r.

Bol'shakov V. N. Korytin N. S. Kryazhimskiy F. V. Shishmarev V. M. A new approach to assessing the value of biotic components in ecosystems, Ekologiya. 1998. No. 5. P. 339–348.

Carlyle C. N., Fraser L. H. A test of three juvenile plant competitive response strategies, J. Veg. Sci. 2006. Volk. 17. No. 1. R. 11–18.

Cerabolini B., Brusa G., Ceriani R. M., De Andreis R., Luzzaro A., Pierce S. Can CSR classification be generally applied outside Britain?, Plant Ecol. 2010. Vol. 210. No. 2. P. 253–261.

Chaykovskiy Yu. V. The active coherent world. The experience of the evolution theory of life. M.: T-vo nauch. izdaniy KMK, 2008. 726 p.

Chepinoga V. V. Rosbah S. A. The activity of different species in aquatic flora of the Irkutsk-Cheremkhovo Plain, Geografiya i prirodnye resursy. 2008. No. 1. P. 97–104.

Cornelissen J. H. C., Aerts R., Cerabolini B. et al. Carbon cycling traits of plant species are linked with mycorrhizal strategy, Oecologia. 2001. Vol. 129. No.. 4. P. 611–619.

Craine J. M. Plant strategy theories: replies to Grime and Tilman, J. Ecol. 2007. Vol. 95. No. 2. P. 235–240.

Craine J. M. Reconciling plant strategy theories of Grime and Tilman, J. Ecol. 2005. Vol. 93. No. 6. R. 1041–1052.

Dem'yanova E. I. Kvitkina A. K. Lykov V. A. Features of pollination of Heracleum sibiricum L. and Seseli libanotis (L.) Koch (Apiaceae) in the Cisuralian area, Vestn. Perm. un-ta. 2007. Vyp. 5. P. 6–13.

Dem'yanova E. I. Antecology. Perm': Perm. gop. un-t, 2010. 116 p.

Denisow B. Nectar secretion of Sisymbrium loeselii L. in some ruderal rhytocenoses in the city of Lublin area, J. Apic. Sci. 2005. Vol. 49. No. 2. R. 51–58.

Diduh Ya. P. Problems of plant species activity, Bot. zhurn. 1982. T. 67. No. 7. C. 925–935.

Dozorova S. V. Oparina S. N. The study of reproductive biology features of Heracleum sibiricum L. and possible causes of its vulnerability, Molodezhnyy nauchnyy forum: Estestvennye i medicinskie nauki. No. 6 (34). M.: MCNO, 2016. P. 13–18 [Elektronnyy resurs]. URL:

Dulya O. V. Mikryukov V. S. Vorobeychik E. L. Adaptation strategies of Deschampsia caespitosa and Lychnis flos-cuculi to habitation under conditions of industrial pollution: analysis using dose-effect dependencies, Ekologiya. 2013. No. 4. P. 243–253.

Elenevskiy A. G. Bulanyy Yu. I. Umbrella plants (Apiaceae, Umbelliferae) of the Saratov region, Byul. Bot. sada Saratov. gop. un-ta. Saratov: Izd-vo Sarat. un-ta, 2008. Vyp. 7. P. 35–44.

Emel'yanov I. G. Diversity and stability of biosystems, Uspehi sovrem. biologii. 1994. T. 114. Vyp. 3. P. 304–318.

Ermakova I. M. Dandelion officinalis, Biologicheskaya flora Moskovskoy oblasti. M.: Izd-vo MGU, 1990. P. 210–229.

Ershova E. A. Anthropogenic transformation in suburban communities containing brakes (Pteridium pinetorum) in the grass stand, Rastitel'nyy mir Aziatskoy Rossii. 2012. No. 2 (10). P. 132–138.

Franzaring J., Fangmeier A., Hunt R. On the consistencies between CSR plant strategies and Ellenberg ecological indicator values, J. Appl. Bot. Food Qual. 2007. Vol. 81. No. 1. P. 86–94.

Grime J. P. Evidence for the existence of three primary strategies in plants and its relevance to ecological and evolutionary theory, Amer. Natur. 1977. Vol. 111. No. 982. P. 1169–1194.

Grime J. P. Plant strategies and vegetation processes. Chichester: Wiley and Sons, 1979. 222 p.

Grime J. P. Plant strategy theories: a comment on Craine (2005), J. Ecol. 2007. Vol. 95. No. 2. R. 227–230.

Grime J. P. Vegetation classification by reference to strategies, Nature. 1974. Vol. 250. P. 26–31.

Grime J. P., Hodgson J. G., Hunt R. Comparative plant ecology: a functional approach to common British species. London: Unwin Hyman, 1988. 742 p.

Grime J. P., Pierce S. The evolutionary strategies that shape ecosystems. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012. 240 r.

Grinfel'd E. K. The origin and development of anthophilia in insects. L.: Izd-vo LGU, 1978. 208 p.

Grischenkova N. D. Vlasov B. P. Anthropogenic impact on species composition and quantitative development of the highest aquatic vegetation of Belarus, Vodnye ekosistemy: troficheskie urovni i problemy podderzhaniya bioraznoobraziya: Materialy Vserop. konf. Vologda, 2008. P. 43–45.

Gurevitch J., Scheiner S. M., Gordon A. F. The ecology of plants. Sunderland: Sinauer Associates, 2002. 464 p.

Iordanskiy N. N. Organisms, species and evolution. M.: LIBROKOM, 2011. 176 p.

Ipatov V. S. Quantization of dynamic series of plant communities, Bot. zhurn. 2016. T. 101. No. 4. P. 345–357.

Ivanova N. A. Yumagulova E. R. Ecologo-physiological mechanisms of adaptation and strategy types of vascular plants in raised bogs. Nizhnevartovsk: Izd-vo Nizhnevart. gumanit. un-ta, 2009. 186 p.

Kamshilov M. M. Organization and Evolution, Zhurn. obsch. biologii. 1970. T. 31. No. 2. P. 157–178.

Karatygin I. V. Co-evolution of fungi and plants. SPb.: Gidrometeoizdat, 1993. 118 p.

Konovalova I. S. Babich N. A. Marich S. N. Phytocenotic importance of weed plants in forest nurseries, Izvestiya vuzov. Lesnoy zhurn. 2014. No. 1. P. 37–43.

Kopylova L. V. Peculiarities of some heavy metals absorption by woody plants in conditions of urban environment, Vestnik IrGSHA. 2011. Vyp. 44. P. 91–99.

Kosakivska I. V. Biomarkers of plants with different types of ecological strategies, Gen. Appl. Plant Physiol. 2008. Vol. 34. No. 1/2. P. 113–126.

Kozanecka T., Chojnicki J., Kwasowski W. Content of heavy metals in plant from pollution-free regions, Pol. J. Environ. Studies. 2002. Vol. 11. No. 4. R. 395–399.

Kulagina L. S. Assessing the role of scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in optimization of man-made environment of the Bashkir Trans-Urals, Sovremennye problemy kontrolya kachestva prirodnoy i tehnogennoy sred. Tambov: Izd. dom TGU, 2009. P. 33–38.

Lebedeva V. H. Tihodeeva M. Yu. Ipatov V. S. On the inhomogeneity in vegetation cover of meadows and forests, Bot. zhurn. 2016. T. 101. No. 4. P. 358–376.

Levchenko V. F. Biosphere: stages of life (evolution of parts and the whole). SPb.: Svoe izdatel'stvo, 2012. 264 p.

Li Y., Shipley B. An experimental test of CSR theory using a globally calibrated ordination method, PLOS. 2017. April 7. P. 1–17. URL: https:,

Life of plants. T. 1. M.: Prosveschenie, 1974. 487 p.

Magomedmirzaev M. M. Guseynova Z. A. Alibegova A. N. Magomedova S. M. The problem of adaptive strategies of plants. Mahachkala: Nauka–Dagestan, 2013. 300 p.

Magomedmirzaev M. M. Guseynova Z. A. Adaptive reproductive strategy in evolutionary-morphological transformation of seed plants, Teoreticheskie problemy ekologii i evolyucii. Tol'yatti: Kassandra, 2015. P. 199–203.

Malyshev L. I. Floristic regionalization on the basis of quantitative traits, Bot. zhurn. 1973. T. 58. No. 11. P. 1581–1588.

Melihova G. I. The red book. World plants. M.: Eksmo, 2014. 96 p.

Minvaliev S. V. Pavlova O. V. Coenotic activity of perennial grasses under the conditions of the Primorskiy region, Vestn. Altayskogo GAU. 2015. No. 9 (131). P. 26–30.

Mirkin B. M. Usmanov I. Yu. Naumova L. G. Types of plant strategies: the place in the systems of species classifications and tendencies of development, Zhurn. obsch. biologii. 1999. T. 60. No. 6. P. 581–595.

Nalimova N. V. Evaluation of inland landscape activity of plant populations, Polivariantnost' razvitiya organizmov, populyaciy i soobschestv. Yoshkar-Ola: Mar. gop. un-t. 2006. P. 118–123.

Nalimova N. V. Floristic diversity and problems of preservation of rare plants populations in state natural reserve «Prisursky». Syktyvkar, 2003. 23 p.

Nikitin V. V. Weed plants of the USSR flora. L.: Nauka, 1983. 454 p.

P'yankov V. I. Ivanov L. A. Lambers H. Characterization of chemical composition of plants leaves of the boreal zone with different types of ecological strategies, Ekologiya. 2001. No. 4. P. 243–251.

P'yankov V. I. Ivanov L. A. The structure of the biomass in plants of the boreal zone with different types of ecological strategies, Ekologiya. 2000. No. 1. P. 3–10.

Pankova N. L. Structure and dynamics of vegetation cover in water bodies of the Oka Reserve, Tr. Okskogo gop. prir. biosf. zapovednika. Vyp. 31. Ryazan': NP «Golos gubernii», 2014. 166 p.

Photosynthesis and the Environment, N. R. Baker (Ed.). Kluwer: Academic Publishers, 1996. 574 p.

Pierce S., Brusa G., Vagge I., Cerabolini B. E. L. Allocating CSR plant functional types: the use of leaf economics and size traits to classify woody and herbaceous vascular plants, Funct. Ecol. 2013. Vol. 27. No. 4. P. 1002–1010.

Pierce S., Luzzaro A., Caccianiga M., Ceriani, R. M., Cerabolini B. Disturbance is the principal α‐scale filter determining niche differentiation, coexistence and biodiversity in an alpine community, J. Ecol. 2007. Vol. 95. No. 4. P. 698–706.

Pierce S., Negreiros D., Cerabolini B. E. L., Kattge J., Díaz S., Kleyer M., et al. A global method for calculating plant CSR ecological strategies applied across biomes world-wide, Funct. Ecol. 2017. Vol. 31. No. 2. P. 444–457.

Pierce S., Vagge I., Brusa G., Cerabolini B. E. L. The intimacy between sexual traits and Grime’s CSR strategies for orchids coexisting in semi-natural calcareous grassland at the Olive Lawn, Plant. Ecol. 2014. Vol. 215. P. 495–505.

Problems of evolution of the biosphere, Red. P. V. Rozhnov. M.: PIN RAN, 2013. 340 c.

Rabotnov T. A. About the types of plants strategies, Ekologiya. 1985. No. 3. P. 3–12.

Rabotnov T. A. Research of meadows. M.: Izd-vo MGU, 1974. 384 p.

Rabotnov T. A. Studying coenotic populations to ascertain the «strategy of life» of plants types, Byull. MOIP. Otd. biol. 1975. T. 80. No. 2. P. 5–17.

Ramenskiy L. G. Selected works. Problems and methods of studying vegetation. L.: Nauka, 1971. 334 p.

Ryzhenko O. V. Perennial grasses cenotic activity in the second year of grouth depending on the nitrogenous fertilizer norm in the Primorsky region conditions, Vestn. KrasGAU. 2012. Vyp. 8. P. 48–51.

Savinov A. B. The activity of living organisms as a factor of their ontogeny and evolution, HXHI Lyubischevskie chteniya. Sovremennye problemy ekologii i evolyucii. Ul'yanovsk: UlGPU, 2017. P. 66–73.

Savinov A. B. Kurganova L. N. Shekunov Yu. I. Intensity of lipid peroxidation in Taraxacum officinale Wigg. and Vicia cracca L. in biotopes with different levels of heavy metals pollution in soil, Ekologiya. 2007. No. 3. P. 191–197.

Savinov A. B. Nikitin Yu. D. Tarasova M. P. Features of the plant leaves variability in urban phytocenoses of different composition (information aspect of plants activity), HHIX Lyubischevskie chteniya. Sovremennye problemy evolyucii i ekologii. Ul'yanovsk: UlGPU, 2015. C. 479–484.

Savinov A. B. Nikitin Yu. D. Phenotypic variability as a manifestation of plant activity in communities (on the example of urbocenoses), HXH Lyubischevskie chteniya. Sovremennye problemy evolyucii i ekologii. Ul'yanovsk: UlGPU, 2016. P. 104–110.

Savinov A. B. Autocenosis and democenosis as symbiotic systems and biological notions, Zhurn. obsch. biologii. T. 73. No. 4. 2012. P. 284–301.

Savinov A. B. Evolutionary theory of system activity, HXH Lyubischevskie chteniya. Sovremennye problemy evolyucii i ekologii. Ul'yanovsk: UlGPU, 2016a. P. 44–51.

Savinov A. B. Plant activity as a factor of their evolution in the ancient and modern biosphere, Paleobotanicheskiy vremennik. Vyp. 2. M.: GEOS, 2015b. P. 155–160.

Savinov A. B. The activity of component communities of parasites of terrestrial and water animals, Tr. Centra parazitologii IPEE RAN. T. 49: Fauna i ekologiya parazitov. M.: KMK, 2016v. P. 145–147.

Savinov A. B. The activity of material systems, its information-evolutionary role, quantitative and qualitative assessment, HXIH Lyubischevskie chteniya. Sovremennye problemy evolyucii i ekologii. Ul'yanovsk: UlGPU, 2015a. P. 104–111.

Savinov A. B. The theory of systems activity and the knowledge of the evolution of global processes, Evolyuciya: srezy, pravila, prognozy. Volgograd: Uchitel', 2016b. P. 138–154.

Schelchkova M. V. Struchkova L. K. Fedorov I. A. Heavy metals complex influence on enzymatic activity and effective fertility of the cryosolic meadow-chernozem soil, Vestn. SVFU. 2010. T. 7. No. 4. P. 16–21.

Shubina N. V. Yur'ev Yu. L. Effect of emissions from metallurgical production on the microelement composition of pine needles, Himiya rastit. syr'ya. 2009. No. 3. P. 173–176.

Sibgatullina M. Sh. Valeeva G. R. Metals in herbaceous plants with different types of adaptive strategies, Yug Rossii: ekologiya, razvitie. 2013. No. 1. P. 72–81.

Smith S. E., Read D. J. Mycorrhizal symbiosis. Oxford: Elsevier, 2008. 804 p.

Sorokina V. S. Fodder preferences of imago hover-flies (Diptera, Syrphidae) in conditions of Southern Trans-Urals, Evraziatskiy entomol. zhurn. 2003. T. 2. Vyp. 3. P. 197–214.

Susiluoto S., Berninger F. Interactions between morphological and physiological drought responses in Eucalyptus microtheca, Silva Fennica. 2007. Vol. 41. No. 2. P. 221–233.

Suzuki H., Kumagai H., Oohashi K., Sakamoto K., Inubushi K., Enomoto S. Transport of trace elements through the hyphae of an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus into marigold determined by the multitracer technique, Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 2001. Vol. 47. No. 1. R. 131–137.

Sviridenko B. F. Evzhenko K. S. Efremov A. N. Phytocoenotic role of Zygnematales in the West Siberian Plain, Vestn. TGPU. 2013. No. 8. P. 35–42.

Sviridenko B. F. Flora and vegetation of reservoirs in Northern Kazakhstan. Omsk: Izd-vo Omskogo GPU, 2000. 196 p.

Tihonovich I. A. Provorov N. A. Symbiosis of plants and microorganisms: molecular genetics of future agricultural systems. SPb.: Izd-vo S, Peterb. un-ta, 2009. 210 p.

Tilman D. Resource competition and plant traits: a response to Craine et al. 2005, J. Ecol. 2007. Vol. 95. No. 2. P. 231–234.

Uitteker R. Communities and ecosystems. M.: Progress, 1980. 326 p.

Usmanov I. Yu. Rahmankulova Z. F. Kulagin A. Yu. Ecological physiology of plants. M.: Logos, 2001. 224 p.

Vasil'ev A. G. Epigenetic fundamentals of phenetics: on the way to population meronomy. Ekaterinburg: Akademkniga, 2005. 640 p.

Velikanova N. A. Gaponov S. P. Slivkin A. I. Assessment of the ecological state of soils and medicinal plants (herb of knotweed and рlantain large) according to the content of heavy metals in Voronezh city and its environs, Vestnik VGU. Ser. Himiya. Biologiya. Farmaciya. 2012. No. 2. P. 238–244.

Viner N. Cybernetics, or control and communication in the animal and machine. M.: Sovetskoe radio, 1958. 215 p.

Vorobeychik E. L. Hantemirova E. V. Reaction of forest phytocenoses to technogenic pollution: dose-effect dependencies, Ekologiya. 1994. No. 3. P. 31–43.

Yurcev B. A. Flora Suntar-Hayat. Historical problems of high-mountainous landscapes in the North-East of Siberia. L.: Nauka, 1968. 235 p.

Yurcev B. A. Hypoarctic botanical-geographical zone and the origin of its flora. M.; L.: Nauka, 1966. 95 p.

Displays: 7274; Downloads: 1297;