Kishchenko I. Siberian larch at the western edge of its area // Principy èkologii. 2015. № 2. P. 55‒65. DOI: 10.15393/

Issue № 2

Original research


Siberian larch at the western edge of its area

   Ivan Tarasovich
D.Sc., Petrozavodsk state university,
Vodlozersky national park
specially protected natural territories
Siberian larch
Summary: The study of Siberian larch was carried out at the western edge of its area - in Vodlozersky National Park in the mid-range of Karelia. It was estimated that the larch grows only on the moraine ridges in association with Hylocomium group of forest types. Here it forms mixed stands with Norway spruce, Scots pine, less often - birch and aspen. These stands are characterized by high completeness, timber volume and quality class. Siberian larch trees are noted for their high age (130 years or more). The maximum height and stem diameter reach 40 m and 66 cm, respectively. At the foot of the moraine ridges the trees almost completely stopped growing in the last half a century and many of them began to die back. Perhaps this phenomenon is due to the artificial raising of the water level in the lake more than half a century ago which resulted in the hydrological regime of coastal phytocenoses causing waterlogging of the soil and, as a consequence, reduced intensity of growth processes in mesophytes. In the vertical structure of phytocenoses with Siberian larch up to 4 plant tiers are formed: the 1st and 2nd tier of the forest stand; the 3rd - grassy and shrubby; the 4th - mossy. The last two layers are usually developed very moderately, floristically poor and are noted for strong mosaic. There is no undergrowth. The reliable undergrowth of conifers is completely absent. Resumption of Siberian larch stopped 50-60 years ago.

© Petrozavodsk State University

Reviewer: *. *
Received on: 21 April 2015
Published on: 12 July 2015


Anuchin N. P. Forest Inventory. M.: Lesnaya promyshlennost', 1982. 551 p.

Belyaev V. V. Neverov N. A. The structure and quality of Sukachev larch wood (Larix Sukacsewii Dylis) in the Arkhangelsk Region, Vestnik Severnogo (Arkticheskogo) federal'nogo universiteta. Seriya: Estestvennye nauki. 2011. No. 2. P. 34−40.

Bobrov E. G. Coniferous forests of the USSR. L.: Nauka, 1987. 189 p.

Bobkova K. S. The biological productivity of coniferous forests of the European North-East. L.: Nauka, 1987. 156 p.

Bukshtynov A. D. Groshev B. I. Krylov G. V. Forests. M.: Mysl', 1981. 316 p.

Bulygin N. E. Dendrology. L.: Agropromizdat, 1991. 351 p.

Grozdova N. B. Nekrasova V. I. Mihaylenko D. A. Trees, shrubs and creepers. M.: Lesnaya promyshlennost', 1986. 349 p.

Dylis N. V. Larch of Eastern Siberia and the Far East. Variability and natural diversity. M.: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1961. 208 p.

Zaharov V. K. Trull' O. A. Miroshnikov V. S. Ermakov V. E. Directory of forest taxation. Minsk: Gop. izd-vo BSSR, 1962. 367 p.

Klyuchnikov M. Paramonov E. G. Growth processes in larch under different environmental conditions, Mir nauki, kul'tury, obrazovaniya. 2009. No. 6 (18). P. 18−21.

Kozlovskiy I. B. Pavlov V. M. Progress growth of the main tree species of the USSR (Reference). M.: Lesnaya promyshlennost', 1967. 326 p.

Kozubov G. M. Biology of conifers fruiting in the North. L.: Nauka, 1974. 136 p.

Kravchenko A. V. Materials to the flora of the National Park "Vodlozersky", Prirodnoe i kul'turnoe nasledie Vodlozerskogo nacional'nogo parka. Petrozavodsk: KNC RAN, 1995. P. 133−151.

Kravchenko A. V. Abstract of flora in Karelia. Petrozavodsk: Karel'skiy nauchnyy centr RAN, 2007. 403 p.

The Red Book of the Arkhangelsk Region. Arhangel'sk: Komitet ohrany okruzhayuschey sredy i prirodnyh resursov Arhangel'skoy oblasti, 1995. 330 p.

The Red Book of the Republic of Karelia, Avt, sost. A. V. Artem'ev, L. V. Vetchinnikova, E. P. Gnatyuk i dr. Petrozavodsk: Kareliya, 2007. 368 p.

Kryussman G. Softwood. M.: Lesnaya promyshlennost', 1987. 256 p.

Kukushkin N. E. Forest of the National Park "Vodlozersky", Prirodnoe i kul'turnoe nasledie Vodlozerskogo nacional'nogo parka. Petrozavodsk: KNC RAN, 1995. P. 60–74.

Lantratova A. S. Trees and shrubs of Karelia. Petrozavodsk: Kareliya, 1991. 232 p.

Wood encyclopedia. M.: Sovetskaya enciklopediya, 1986. T. 2. 631 p.

Nakvasina E. N. Barabin A. I. Tihonov P. R. Eliseev A. A. Larch in the Arkhangelsk North: biology, variability, conservation. Arhangel'sk: Arhang. gop. tehn. un-t, 2008. 215 p.

Field geobotany. M.: Nauka, 1976. 326 p.

Program and methods of biogeoсenological research. M.: Nauka, 1966. 331 p.

Prozherina N. A. Nakvasina E. N. Intra- and inter-specific metabolic features of larch in adapting to the north, Lesnoy zhurnal. 2008. No. 5. P. 30−36.

Staheyko F. G. Breeding Siberian larch. M.: Goslesbumizdat, 1962. 81 p.

Tihomirov B. N. Koropachinskiy I. Yu. Falaleev E. N. Larch forests of Siberia and the Far East. M.; L.: Goslesbumizdat, 1961. 162 p.

Trenin V. V. Cytoembryology of larch. L.: Nauka, 1986. 88 p.

Cinzerling Yu. D. On the north-western boundary of the Siberian larch, Geobotanika. 1934. Vyp. 1. P. 87−97.

Displays: 6341; Downloads: 1087;