|Issue № 4||
|PhD, Petrozavodsk State University, firstname.lastname@example.org|
Summary: The formation of fluctuating asymmetry level during individual development is studied on the example of the leaf of the silver birch (Betula pendula Roth) from Klimetcky island (Lake Onego, Karelia). It was stated that asymmetry level of metric vegetative signs depends on the leaf morphogenesis stage: parameters change during vegetative period. The dependence is statistically significant. Age-related state of the silver birch has a statistically significant impact on the value of its fluctuating asymmetry. Along with this, during onto- and morphogenesis of individuals and their parts the trends of asymmetry variability differ significantly in various groups of characteristics. Five studied features of the leaf were grouped into three characteristics having different reaction to their development. "Compensatory growth or variation" model meets the established patterns in variability of asymmetry parameters during individual development of silver birch.
© Petrozavodsk State University
Received on: 07 January 2015
Published on: 26 February 2015
Gelashvili D. B. Yakimov V. N. Loginov V. V. Eplanova G. V. Statistical analysis of bilateral sign fluctuating asymmetry of colorful desert Lacerta, Aktual'nye problemy gerpetologii i toksinologii: Sbornik nauchnyh trudov. Tol'yatti, 2004. Vyp. 7. P. 45—59.
Zaharov V. M. Ontogeny and population (sustainable development and population variability), Ekologiya. 2001. No. 3. P. 164—168.
Zorina A. A. Methods of statistical analysis of fluctuating asymmetry, Principy ekologii. 2012. No. 3. P. 24—47.
Zorina A. A. Assessment of fluctuating asymmetry on the basis of standard deviation, Principy ekologii. 2013. T. 2. No. 1. P. 69—72.
Zorina A. A. Fluctuating asymmetry of animals and plants. Saarbrucken: Lap Lambert Academic Publishing GmbH & Co.KG, 2010. 180 p.
Zorina A. A. Korosov A. V. Variability indicators and indices of asymmetry of leaf signs in the Вetula pendula crown, Botanicheskiy zhurnal. 2009. T. 94. No. 8. P. 1172—1192.
Korosov A. V. Korosov A. A. The technique of GIS conducting: an application in ecology. Petrozavodsk: Izd-vo PetrGU, 2006. 186 p.
Lantratova A. S. Sonina A. V. Plant ecology. Ch. II. Petrozavodsk: Izd-vo PetrGU, 2005. 180 p.
Methodical recommendations for the implementation of environment quality assessment on living being states (development stability estimation of living organisms based at the level of morphological structure asymmetry). Rasporyazhenie Rosekologiya ot 16.10.2003. No. 460–r. M., 2003. 28 p.
Cheverud J. M., Leamy L., Atchley W. R., Rutledge J. J. Quantitative genetics and the evolution of ontogeny. I. Ontogenetic changes in quantitative genetic variance components in randombred mice, Genetical Res. 1983. No. 42. P. 65—75.
Collin R. Ontogeny of subtle skeletal asymmetries in individual larvae of the sand dollar Dendraster excentricus, Evolution. 1997. No. 51. P. 999—1005.
Developmental instability: causes and consequences, ed. M. Polak. N. Y.: Oxford Univ. Press, 2003. 500 p.
Graham J. H., Freeman D. C., Emlen J. M. Antisymmetry, directional asymmetry, and dynamic morpogenesis, Genetica. 1993. No. 89. P. 121—137.
Kellner J. R., Alford R. A. The ontogeny of fluctuating asymmetry, Amer. Natur. 2003. Vol. 161. N 6. P. 931—947.
Kimball R. T., Ligon J. D., Merola–Zwartjes M. Fluctuating asymmetry in red jungle fowl, Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 1997. No. 10. P. 441—457.
Leung B., Forbes M. R. Modelling fluctuating asymmetry in relation to stress and fitness, Oikos. 1997. No. 78. P. 397—405.
Mitton J. B. Enzyme heterozygosity, metabolism and developmental stability, Genetica. 1993. No. 89. P. 47—65.
Moller A. P. Development of fluctuating asymmetry in tail feathers of the barn swallow Hirunda rustica, Journal of Evolutionary Biology. 1996. No. 9. P. 677—694.
Palmer A. R., Strobeck C. Fluctuating asymmetry analyses revisited, Developmental instability: causes and consequences. N.Y.: Oxford Univ. Press, 2003. P. 279—319.
Swaddle J. P., Witter M. S. On the ontogeny of developmental stability in a stabilized trait, Proc. Roy. Soc. London. 1997. No. 264. P. 329—334.
Young R. E., Pearce J., Govind C. K. Establishment and maintenance of claw bilateral asymmetry in snapping shrimps, J. exp. Biol. 1994. No. 269. P. 319—326.