Panchenko D., Serova L., Danilov P., Shakun V., Kozorez A. On the dynamics of the moose population in the Northern perifery of the range and in the ecological optimum zone // Principy èkologii. 2020. № 2. P. 60‒70. DOI: 10.15393/

Issue № 2

Original research


On the dynamics of the moose population in the Northern perifery of the range and in the ecological optimum zone

   Danila Vladimirovich
PhD, Institute of Biology of the Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
   Larisa Mikhailovna
PhD, Petrozavodsk State University,
   Pyotr Ivanovich
DSc, professor, Institute of Biology of the Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
   Vasily Vasilyevich
PhD, State Scientific and Production Association Scientific and Practical Center of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus on Bioresources,
   Alexandr Ivanovich
PhD, Ministry of Forestry of the Republic of Belarus,
population dynamics
modelling population dynamics
game resources
regression analysis
ecological optimum
Summary: Moose (Alces alces L.) – a member of the Cervidae family (Cervidae), which occupies one of the key places in the biogeocenoses, is also an extremely important resource type of hunting economy. The study of population dynamics and its features in the moose population living in conditions of ecological optimum and the periphery of the range allows us to better understand the mechanisms of processes and the relationship of components involved in their course. In addition, It help develop reasonable measures for long-term and sustainable management of resources of the species. The aim of the work was to analyze the dynamics of moose populations in different ecological zones – in the Northern periphery of the species' range in Russia (Murmansk region, Republic of Karelia, Leningrad region) and in the conditions of the ecological optimum zone – Belarus. For the analysis, we used the materials of the Winter route accounting (ZMU) of 1965–2019 – the main method of accounting for hunting species in designated territories, official statistics, and the results of field research. Changes in the number of moose occurred largely synchronously in the studied regions, with the exception of the Murmansk region. Analysis of the dynamics of its population showed that there were cycles lasting 13 years for the Murmansk region and more than 20 years for more southern territories. The relationship between the processes of changing the number of moose and wolf in Belarus is much less pronounced than in the North of Russia in the Republic of Karelia. The construction of a model of wild board dynamics determined that the level of poaching in the Republic of Karelia has a significant impact. For Belarus, it was found that one of the main factors affecting the number is legal hunting.

© Petrozavodsk State University

Reviewer: V. Kazmin
Reviewer: A. M. Makarov
Received on: 20 July 2019
Published on: 24 June 2020


Cederlund G., Markgren G. The development of the Swedish moose population, 1970–1983, Swedish Wildlife Research, Supplement. 1987. Vol. 1. P. 55–62.

Danilkin A. A. Population dynamics of wild ungulates in Russia: hypotheses, factors, patterns. M.: Tovarischestvo nauchnyh izdaniy KMK, 2009. 310 p.

Danilkin A. A. Wild ungulates of Russia: trends of their population dynamics, Povolzhskiy ekologicheskiy zhurnal. 2018. No. 3. P. 357–367. DOI: 10.18500/1684-7318-2018-3-357–367.

Danilov P. I. Panchenko D. V. Belkin V. V. Tirronen K. F. Biotopical distribution and the role of forest cclearing in game animals life cycle on the Russian European North, Zhurnal fundamental'nyh i prikladnyh issledovaniy «Estestvennye nauki». 2008. No. 3. P. 16–20.

Danilov P. I. Panchenko D. V. On the history of moose in Russian European North (from neolith time to present day), Vestnik ohotovedeniya. 2013. T. 10. No. 2. P. 123–136.

Danilov P. I. VI. Population dynamics, Biologiya i ispol'zovanie losya. M.: Nauka, 1986. P. 87–104.

Danilov P. I. Game animals of Karelia: ecology, resources, management and conservation. M.: Nauka, 2005. 340 p.

Dunin V. F. Kozlo P. G. Moose in Belarus. Minsk: Navuka i tehnika, 1992. 208 p.

Formozov A. N. Formula for quantitative accounting of mammals by their tracks, Zoologicheskiy zhurnal. 1932. T. 11. P. 66–69.

Glushkov V. M. Types of population growth and strategy for monitoring hunted animal resources, Sovremennye problemy prirodopol'zovaniya, ohotovedeniya i zverovodstva: Materialy mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferencii, posvyaschennoy 85-letiyu VNIIOZ. Kirov: GNU VNIIOZ im. prof. B. M. Zhitkova Rossel'hozakademii, 2007. P. 87–88.

Gromcev A. N. Karpin V. A. General characteristics of the the region, Lesa i ih mnogocelevoe ispol'zovanie na Severo-Zapade Evropeyskoy chasti taezhnoy zony Rossii. Petrozavodsk: Karel'skiy nauchnyy centr RAN, 2015. P. 14–22.

Kozlo P. G. Ecological and morphological analysis of moose population. Minsk: Nauka i tehnika, 1983. 215 p.

Kurhinen Yu. P. Danilov P. I. Ivanter E. V. Mammals of Eastern Fennoscandia in the context of anthropogenic transformation of taiga landscape. M.: Nauka, 2006. 208 p.

Lomanov I. K. Patterns of the dynamics of the number and distribution of the moose population in the European part of Russia. M.: Izd-vo CNIL Ohotdepartamenta MSHiP RF, 1995. 60 p.

Makarova O. A. Distribution of ungulates in Murmansk region at the beginning of the XXI century, Povedenie, ekologiya i evolyuciya zhivotnyh: monografii, stat'i, soobscheniya. T. 2. Ryazan': NP «Golos gubernii», 2011. P. 185–195.

Makarova O. A. Moose in Murmask oblast (population status at the end of 20th century, Los' (Alces alces L., 1758) v devstvennoy i izmenennoy chelovekom srede: Trudy VI mezhdunar. simp. po losyu. Yakutsk: Izd-vo In-ta biol. problem kriolitozony SORAN, 2008. P. 76–78.

Markovskiy V. A. Ungulates of Karelia (current population status). PhD thesis (Candidate of Biological Sciences). Petrozavodsk: KarNC RAN, 1995. 32 p.

Myrberget S. Wildlife management in Europe outside the Sovjet Union (Viltstell i Europa utenom Sovjet-Unionen), NINA Utredning. 1990. Vol. 18. P. 1–47.

Novikov G. A. Timofeeva E. K. Some aspects of population dynamics and geographical distribution of moose and wild boar, Kopytnye fauny SSSR: Ekologiya, morfologiya, ispol'zovanie i ohrana: Doklady soveschaniya. M.: Nauka, 1975. P. 14–15.

Nygren T., Pesonen M. The moose population (Alces alces L.) and methods of moose management in Finland, 1975–89, Finnish Game Research. 1993. No 48. P. 46–53.

Petrosyan V. G. Dergunova N. N. Bessonov S. A. Omel'chenko A. V. Modelling of population dynamics, estimation and comparative analysis of demographic parameters of moose populations in Russia and Finland using multi-year monitoring data, Matematicheskaya biologiya i bioinformatika. 2012. T. 7. No. 1. P. 244–256.

Priklonskiy S. G. Instructions for the Winter track accounting. M.: Kolos, 1972. 16 p.

Report on the state and environmental protection of the Murmansk region in 2018. Hunting species. Murmansk. P. 120–123. URL: (data obrascheniya: 03.03.2020).

Reymers N. F. Ecological succession and hunted animals, Ohotovedenie. M.: Lesnaya promyshlennost', 1972. C. 67–108.

Rusakov O. S. Modern state of natural resources, ecology and issues of economic use of ungulates of the North-West of the USSR, Kopytnye Severo-Zapada SSSR. L.: Nauka, 1979. P. 63–293.

Shakun V. V. Kozorez A. I. Kudin M. V. Status and tasks of research of hunting fauna resources in Belarus, Sovremennye problemy ohotovedeniya i sohraneniya bioraznoobraziya: Materialy Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferencii. Minsk: BGTU, 2017. P. 169–174

Shanskiy O. I. Animals of the Murmansk region. Murmansk: Kn. izd-vo, 1982. 175 p.

Timofeeva E. K. Moose (ecology, distribution, economic significance). L.: Izd-vo Leningradskogo universiteta, 1974. 167 p.

Tirronen K. F. Some features of wolf (Canis lupus) predation on domestic dogs (C. familiaris) in Karelia, Vestnik ohotovedeniya. 2008. T. 5. No. 2. P. 133–137.

Displays: 2722; Downloads: 529;