Rybakov D. Chemical elements in the soils and macromycetes of the urban area of Petrozavodsk // Principy èkologii. 2018. № 4. P. 120‒137. DOI: 10.15393/j1.art.2018.8062


Issue № 4

Original research

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Chemical elements in the soils and macromycetes of the urban area of Petrozavodsk

Rybakov
   Dmitry Sergeevich
Ph.D., Federal Research Centre Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, rybakovd@krc.karelia.ru
Keywords:
chemical elements
toxic elements
residual (accumulated) industrial pollution
Verpa bohemica
Leccinum scabrum
maximum permissible concentrations (MPCs)
tentatively permissible concentrations (TPCs)
soil substrate
accumulation index
Summary: The contents and behavior of 50 chemical elements in the soils from the zone of residual (accumulated) industrial pollution in the central part of Petrozavodsk, as well as in the fungal fruits of Verpa bohemica (Krombh). Schroet. and Leccinum scabrum (Bull.: Fr.) S. F. Gray from the same territory were studied. The hazard of contaminated soil was estimated by the excess of the maximum permissible concentrations (MPCs) and tentatively permissible concentrations (TPCs) of chemical elements, as well as by total pollution index (taking into account the toxicity of the elements), and macromycetes as food products – by the contents of Pb, Cd, Zn and Cu relative to established standards. For the caps and stems of L. scabrum the rows of chemical elements content relative to background conditionally defined in a control area significantly remote from any industrial centers, large roads and railway lines (Pryazhinsky district of the Republic of Karelia) were built up. It was shown that the content of toxicants behind some exception is higher in spring mushrooms than in autumn ones. In V. bohemica the strong accumulation of P was established relative to the soil substrate and that of P and Rb – in L. scabrum. The average degree of accumulation was characteristic for Zn, Rb, Tl, Cu, Cd, Ag, Sc, Ni, Cs (V. bohemica), Cd, Ag, Tl, Zn, Cs, Sc, Ni, Cu (L. scabrum).

© Petrozavodsk State University

Reviewer: K. Sazanova
Reviewer: A. A. Okolelova
Received on: 28 May 2018
Published on: 24 December 2018

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